17 votes
Accepted

What is the correct term for a "lazy L"?

It's called "l-vocalization" (previous related question: Dark L vs L Vocalisation). A range of sounds can result from it, and because of this and also because of differences in ...
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  • 16.6k
6 votes

Dark L vs L Vocalisation

There is an unfortunately confusing term "L-vocalization" which refers to the process where l becomes one of w, u, o, e.g. in Serbo-Croatian final l → o. Some dialects of English have this process, so ...
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  • 67.5k
6 votes

N vs L in South Asian Languages

There is an acoustic similarity between n and l, which have anti-resonances; this makes the consonants sound similar. This is a reasonable common sound change.
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  • 67.5k
4 votes
Accepted

How can I write an interdental lateral in phonetic transcription?

extIPA gives you these options: Voiceless interdental lateral fricative: ɬ̪͆ Voiced interdental lateral fricative: ɮ̪͆ Voiced interdental lateral approximant: l̪͆ However, I find these diacritics a ...
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  • 4,752
4 votes

Is a lateral plosive a thing?

This is basically a terminological problem. It is sometimes said that there are no lateral plosives, because you don't see any lateral plosive letter in the IPA row for plosives. Plosives are ...
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4 votes
Accepted

Can't hear difference between /j/ and /ʎ/

Since the asker has clarified that the language in question is Spanish, the likely explanation is that they are hearing the pronunciation in a dialect that exhibits yeísmo, which causes /j/ and /ʎ/ to ...
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4 votes

What about the sound change initial n -> initial l?

From Chapter 2 of Historical Linguistics: An Introduction by Lyle Campbell: (8) In Old French livel (from which English borrowed level), the sequence of two l’s dissimilated, giving nivel, which ...
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4 votes

Are there minimal pairs for "l" vs "ll" in Albanian?

Here a few more: pulë (chicken) - pullë (button), plakë (old woman) - pllakë (plate), plumb (bullet) - pëllumb (dove), lum (river) - llum (dirt, sludge), palë (layer) - pallë (sword), kollë (cough) - ...
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  • 41
4 votes

Are there minimal pairs for "l" vs "ll" in Albanian?

Djal (boy) and djall (devil) have been the source of some hilarious mix-ups.
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  • 39
4 votes

Why do so many languages have both an alveolar "light L" [l] and a velarized "dark L" [ɫ] allophone?

I've been looking for a functional explanation in the literature, and this apparently isn't a question that has been explored: why is the change from clear to dark l so common? Dark l has a very low ...
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4 votes

The anatomy of the L sound

It is possible to pronounce various kinds of lateral without any vocalic release (the "aspiration" thing -- aspiration actually means something else in phonetics, though it's similar), though without ...
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3 votes

Dark L vs L Vocalisation

The syllabic l (IPA [l̩]) is no different than the ordinary consonant [l] in place of articulation, but takes the place of a vowel in a syllable. The dark l (IPA [ɫ]) is a velarized (or pharyngealized)...
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  • 2,705
3 votes

What is the correct order of Dark L articulation?

Your interpretation is more or less correct, as long as you are speaking of the initiation of those articulatory gestures and not their completion (the events are roughly simultaneous). Sproat & ...
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  • 67.5k
2 votes

Is the "ll" in Albanian like the sounds in other languages?

That would be incorrect, as an albanian speaker surrounded by Albanian speakers, I can testify that 'll' is actually an interdental lateral consonant.
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  • 21
2 votes

Is a lateral plosive a thing?

Coincidentally, the page of Preliminaries to Linguistic Phonetics (1971) by Peter Ladefoged that I cited recently in my answer to Is there a voiced-unvoiced pair for R or L in any language? actually ...
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  • 16.6k
2 votes

What about the sound change initial n -> initial l?

I believe that l>n and n>l are rather easily explained through nasalization. Nasalize an 'l' and you get 'n.' Many language families have dialects that vary in degree of nasalization, and this creates ...
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1 vote

Why are bilabial lateral sounds deemed impossible?

The Handbook of the International Phonetic Association says (p. 9): Shaded cells occur where the intersection of a manner and a place of articulation define a sound which is thought not to be ...
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  • 4,752
1 vote

Is there a region in which velarized L is the primary (and sole) articulation? Or is it indicative of an articulation disorder?

In the third volume of his Accents of English (pp.550-1), Wells notes that, in the southern United States, dark /l/ may be realised as velar [ʟ] rather than velarised alveolar [ɫ], especially in the ...
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  • 1,069
1 vote

The anatomy of the L sound

This is a partial answer to the second question whether there is a relation between l and the coronal stops (t, d): Yes there is a connection, and historically sound shifts like d -> l (lambdacism) ...
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1 vote

The anatomy of the L sound

Pronouncing l without the "finishing off" part: I'm not sure what your native language is, but aspirated approximants are very rare in general, so I doubt your "finishing off" is aspiration. If you ...
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  • 2,705
1 vote

Dark L vs L Vocalisation

The term L-vocalisation is often far divorced from the term dark L, in that they are two totally independent processes. Vocalisation of a consonant is its change into a vowel — any vowel. Aside from ...
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  • 1,377
1 vote

How strong was the r/l distinction in Proto-Afro-Asiatic?

With the possible exception of Ancient Egyptian where no grapheme for "l" existed, the r/l distinction seems to be well-maintained in the Afroasiatic languages. It exists in Semitic, Berber, Chadic, ...
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