6 votes
Accepted

What's the difference between metonymy, meronymy, meronomy and mereology?

The key to understanding is the difference between objects and names of objects: A meronom is a part. A meronym is the name of a part. A meronomy is a relationship between parts and sub-parts. ...
MTippetts's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

(Ancient Greek) Dogs and Emptiness, κύων and κενόω, related?

The word for empty in Greek appears to be κενό, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱen-. The word for dog, κῠ́ων, is from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ. (This would make it cognate with English hound, ...
Omar and Lorraine's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Is "parent" a hyponym or a meronym of "parents"?

None of them, nor meronym nor hyperonym. Because they are the same word, they share the same meaning. Signified of parent is : idea of parent + idea of singular (zero form) Signified of parents is : ...
amegnunsen's user avatar
  • 1,525
3 votes

German Dependency Parsing - question about dependencies between "sich ____ lassen"

Thanks for your question. This example reflects a larger problem in grammaticizing language. Roughly speaking there are two approaches: Generative and descriptive. A parser is generative, presupposing ...
Abas's user avatar
  • 215
3 votes

"but" usage (redundancy of "but")

I think you answered your own question! "but" is used to […] indicate that the first clause is contrastive to the second in a way In your first example, "I am not a teacher" contrasts with "I am a ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 66.2k
3 votes

Is there a word in which the concept and its complement is expressed?

Sounds like you're referring to words such as "length". Is that what you mean, or are you looking for words that explicitly morphologically consists of a pair of antonyms for that? If the latter is ...
Rethliopuks's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Is there a word in which the concept and its complement is expressed?

There are many in Sanskrit सतासत् n. satAsat true and the false See Monier Williams Sanskrit Dictionary at http://www.spokensanskrit.org/index.php?mode=3&tran_input=satAsat&direct=se ...
Partha Shakkottai's user avatar
2 votes

How much do linguistic similarities and differences affect race relations?

There are zillions of bases for social conflict: race, politics, sexual identity, religion, and "ethnicity", among others. There is some degree of conflict between Hungarians and Slovaks, ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.1k
1 vote

Gradable and Non-Gradable Antonyms

There are adjectives like "fair," "unfair," "right," "wrong," "true," and "false" that semantically are normally treated as ungradable; ...
Vegawatcher's user avatar
1 vote

Comparing two cognate lists, how do I determine validity?

An out of the blue comparison of two lists of letter-collections (I won't call them words) might well be provided to prove that two writing systems are computationally interchangeable: step one is ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.1k
1 vote

Comparing two cognate lists, how do I determine validity?

First level check: Factually correctness Do the words mean what they are claimed to mean? Are they well-attested and not disputed (The Hebrew Bible contains some hapaxes [words occurring only once] ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
1 vote

Is "parent" a hyponym or a meronym of "parents"?

I would say a meronym. The rule of thumb for a hyponym is, "is every X a Y? is not every Y an X?" For example, every cat is an animal, but not every animal is a cat, so cat is a hyponym of animal. ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 66.2k
1 vote

German Dependency Parsing - question about dependencies between "sich ____ lassen"

Your intuition is correct, the parser is wrong in this case. Note that the argument structure for "lassen" taking an open complement is lassen⟨_,_,P⟨...⟩⟩ where P is the secondary predicator. This ...
Atamiri's user avatar
  • 2,590
1 vote
Accepted

Dictionaries with binary semantic features

I think what you need is WordNet. This is a huge lexical database and it contains a lot words which are related in many different ways: hyperonymy, hyponymy, meronymy, antonymy, etc. For more on ...
Belphegor's user avatar
  • 370

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