14 votes

What's the term for finding an attestation of a word that predates the earliest known one?

You used the very word yourself—the term is antedating. From OED documentation: Antedating is the technical lexicographical term for an earlier example of a word or sense. A postdating is a later ...
Nardog's user avatar
  • 4,921
11 votes
Accepted

How is the "basic form/citation form" defined in highly inflected languages besides IE languages?

"Basic form" is defined by the linguists working on a language, and not by the language itself. Heuristically speaking, the tendency is to find some form that best allows all related forms ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83k
7 votes
Accepted

How do dictionaries source attestation?

I agree with your assumption that the date of the earliest recorded usage of a word does not necessarily correspond to the earliest usage of a word, since words may have been in circulation in spoken ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 533
6 votes

Under which entry should example phrases be included in a bilingual dictionary?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this. You’ll have to ask yourself where the user is more likely to look, which will often be little more than guesswork. There are a few very basic rules of ...
Janus Bahs Jacquet's user avatar
6 votes

How do dictionaries source attestation?

Typically, you don't ever really know for certain that you have the earliest example. Or even the earliest written example. It's just the best so far. (As a person who frequently writes answers to ...
Laurel's user avatar
  • 538
5 votes
Accepted

Minimal English: Lack Of Clarity And Redundancy

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=cbM4DwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=phone&f=false I'm flabbergasted that the Natural Semantic Metalanguage people have ...
Nick Nicholas's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Greek: differences between words marked as αρχαιοπρεπής, λόγιος or παλαιότερα

παλαιότερα is not "more ancient use", but "older". And that's significant: it can refer to an older Demotic form which is now obsolete. In fact, it is far likelier to be Demotic than Katharevousa. ...
Nick Nicholas's user avatar
4 votes

What was the diffusion and the use of dictionaries in ancient times? Every civilization with a dictionary?

As OP clarified in the comments: Bilingual list is a dictionary. Therefore, the oldest dictionaries would be the cuneiform lexical lists. These are attested from close to 4000 BCE, and are ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 65.2k
4 votes

What do you call a transliteration that has gone native?

A transliteration is where you convert అలాగా into alāgā (Telugu to Latin) – it involves changing the script, and is only about writing. Words like Kalikimaka are "borrowings" from one ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83k
4 votes
Accepted

What do you call a transliteration that has gone native?

Sometimes the terms "loanword" and "borrowing" are reserved for words like this that have become well-integrated into the recipient language and are no longer considered foreign, ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 65.2k
3 votes

How do dictionaries source attestation?

It is not uncommon to detect word usage that predates the earliest attestation noted in the OED, for example in the Corpus of Early English Correspondence such earlier attestations were found. Of ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Dictionary building / corpus exploring software

If I'm remembering correctly, according to Atkins and Rundell (2008) [1], many projects build their own software, but there are also commercial packages such as TshwaneLex (http://tshwanedje.com/...
ATJ's user avatar
  • 196
2 votes

How do native speakers determine a word's literal/basic meaning?

I don't think speakers do determine this, or need to. A word has (usually) a number of meanings, and we learn these in context (and sometimes a new meaning appears). It is only lexicographers and ...
Colin Fine's user avatar
  • 7,434
2 votes

Is there a term for words differing in stress (only)?

The general term for two distinct words differing exclusively in terms of a single property is "minimal pair". There is no special technical term for "differing only in stress" (or ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83k
2 votes

Bilingual corpora work from the late 1980s

G. Russell and J. Carroll have kindly emailed me the answer to my question: The print version of the EURALEX meeting also does not include the paper. And A summary of the 1990 paper can be read in &...
Hbar's user avatar
  • 171
1 vote

When designing a dictionary for multiple languages, what should be a single "entry" (focusing on languages like English)?

In this realm, the primary desideratum of dictionary design is having related words being easily connected. In a print dictionary, this happens by structuring entries so that the commonality is ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83k
1 vote

How to make a dictionary with and without technology (comparison)

Part of making a dictionary is getting it to look right on the page. Once upon a time, I guess, that would have done by a professional printer, but these days our local press wants camera-ready copy. ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
  • 12.5k
1 vote

How to make a dictionary with and without technology (comparison)

The impact of technology for undescribed language lexicography is that it expands the set of languages for which dictionaries exist. This is due to two factors. First, computer technology makes it ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83k
1 vote

Dictionary building / corpus exploring software

A software programme you can also use is WordSmith Tools: http://www.lexically.net/wordsmith/version6/index.html This website has a list of software that can be useful for linguistics: http://...
user23501's user avatar

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible