14 votes

What's the term for finding an attestation of a word that predates the earliest known one?

You used the very word yourself—the term is antedating. From OED documentation: Antedating is the technical lexicographical term for an earlier example of a word or sense. A postdating is a later ...
  • 4,752
11 votes
Accepted

How is the "basic form/citation form" defined in highly inflected languages besides IE languages?

"Basic form" is defined by the linguists working on a language, and not by the language itself. Heuristically speaking, the tendency is to find some form that best allows all related forms ...
  • 70.1k
6 votes

How do dictionaries source attestation?

Typically, you don't ever really know for certain that you have the earliest example. Or even the earliest written example. It's just the best so far. (As a person who frequently writes answers to ...
  • 434
6 votes
Accepted

How do dictionaries source attestation?

I agree with your assumption that the date of the earliest recorded usage of a word does not necessarily correspond to the earliest usage of a word, since words may have been in circulation in spoken ...
  • 523
5 votes
Accepted

Minimal English: Lack Of Clarity And Redundancy

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=cbM4DwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=phone&f=false I'm flabbergasted that the Natural Semantic Metalanguage people have ...
5 votes
Accepted

Greek: differences between words marked as αρχαιοπρεπής, λόγιος or παλαιότερα

παλαιότερα is not "more ancient use", but "older". And that's significant: it can refer to an older Demotic form which is now obsolete. In fact, it is far likelier to be Demotic than Katharevousa. ...
4 votes

What was the diffusion and the use of dictionaries in ancient times? Every civilization with a dictionary?

As OP clarified in the comments: Bilingual list is a dictionary. Therefore, the oldest dictionaries would be the cuneiform lexical lists. These are attested from close to 4000 BCE, and are ...
  • 54k
3 votes
Accepted

Dictionary building / corpus exploring software

If I'm remembering correctly, according to Atkins and Rundell (2008) [1], many projects build their own software, but there are also commercial packages such as TshwaneLex (http://tshwanedje.com/...
  • 196
2 votes

How do native speakers determine a word's literal/basic meaning?

I don't think speakers do determine this, or need to. A word has (usually) a number of meanings, and we learn these in context (and sometimes a new meaning appears). It is only lexicographers and ...
  • 6,524
2 votes

Center of a set of words

You might want to consider an approach based on the Least Common Subsumer, as described in this answer on Stack Overflow: https://stackoverflow.com/a/18631789/4067134. Basically, you'll look for the ...
2 votes
Accepted

What is the notion of lemma?

First of all your statement: In English, the lemma of a verb is the 3rd person singular form is incorrect. The 3rd person singular of an English verb would be "he asks", "he digs" and "he is". Id ...
  • 331
2 votes

Bilingual corpora work from the late 1980s

G. Russell and J. Carroll have kindly emailed me the answer to my question: The print version of the EURALEX meeting also does not include the paper. And A summary of the 1990 paper can be read in &...
  • 171
2 votes

How do dictionaries source attestation?

It is not uncommon to detect word usage that predates the earliest attestation noted in the OED, for example in the Corpus of Early English Correspondence such earlier attestations were found. Of ...
1 vote

How to make a dictionary with and without technology (comparison)

Part of making a dictionary is getting it to look right on the page. Once upon a time, I guess, that would have done by a professional printer, but these days our local press wants camera-ready copy. ...
  • 12.2k
1 vote

How to make a dictionary with and without technology (comparison)

The impact of technology for undescribed language lexicography is that it expands the set of languages for which dictionaries exist. This is due to two factors. First, computer technology makes it ...
  • 70.1k
1 vote

Dictionary building / corpus exploring software

A software programme you can also use is WordSmith Tools: http://www.lexically.net/wordsmith/version6/index.html This website has a list of software that can be useful for linguistics: http://...

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