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6 votes

What are the semantics of questions and requests/commands?

In an approach quite close to the one you seem to assume for declaratives, questions can be seen as denoting lambda-abstractions. The set of true answers is the set of arguments with which such an ...
Keelan's user avatar
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5 votes

Uniquenesses of Hebrew

The first claim sounds kind of meaningless unless we can define what a noun's "object" is. If so, it will probably turn out to be meaningful but false. For the second one, if we're ...
Luke Sawczak's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Is propositional logic present in all languages?

Every natural language has the resources required for constructing a system of propositional calculus, and no language naturally encodes exactly some system of propositional calculus. One fundamental ...
user6726's user avatar
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4 votes

Are there two senses of "grammar" with respect to semantics?

You could say that there are myriad senses of grammar. For example, even here, some people speak of "grammar" as referring to syntax. Since syntax has connections to morphology, it can also ...
user6726's user avatar
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4 votes

An Overview of Mathematical-Logical Approaches in Formalizing Natural Languages

Seconding the Kornai stuff mentioned above; it's all great. Probably the seminal text here from the point of view of relatively modern linguistics would be Partee's 1993 book, which while somewhat old ...
Fred's user avatar
  • 501
3 votes

On colorless green ideas

First, it should be clear that in natural languages nothing has a rigid definition. To make sense of a sentence is thus to select "definitions" so that the sentence has the intended meaning. ...
Dodezv's user avatar
  • 401
3 votes

On colorless green ideas

Chomsky observed (Syntactic structures p. 15) that "Colorless green ideas sleep furiously" and "Furiously sleep ideas green colorless" are both "equally nonsensical", but ...
user6726's user avatar
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3 votes

An Overview of Mathematical-Logical Approaches in Formalizing Natural Languages

Before pointing to some literature I want to clarify the interaction between Montague semantics and categorial grammar: Montague semantics is intimately related to categorial grammar. Indeed, one the ...
sequitur's user avatar
  • 176
3 votes

An Overview of Mathematical-Logical Approaches in Formalizing Natural Languages

I’m a grad student in mathematics doing research in Formal Semantics. Work in the Montague Semantics pulls upon a lot more than just Lambda Calculus. There’s a lot of work with non-standard logic (...
m. lekk's user avatar
  • 267
3 votes

Are there two senses of "grammar" with respect to semantics?

There are indeed different senses of "grammar". In the scientific (linguistic) sense, it has a broader meaning than in everyday language. Grammar in the broader sense is any system of rules ...
Alazon's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

What contemporary theories attempt to explain why languages have phonotactic restrictions instead of permitting any phonemic combinations?

Step 1 is to say what theories there are of the nature of so-called phonotactic constraints. Phase 1 was Morpheme Structure Rules, which held that lexical items could be partially specified for ...
user6726's user avatar
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2 votes

Are there languages with a third term describing the relationship between opposites?

For 'this' and 'that' specifically—that is, in the sphere of spatial deixis—there are a lot of languages that have a three-way (or more) distinction instead of the two-way distinction most modern ...
Cairnarvon's user avatar
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1 vote

Are there two senses of "grammar" with respect to semantics?

From a programmer's perspective, there are languages with a clear split between "grammar" and "semantics", and languages where that distinction becomes murky. For example, a ...
Simon Richter's user avatar
1 vote

Are there languages with a third term describing the relationship between opposites?

An example from English first: black, grey, white. There is a continuum of color terms where black and white define the endpoints, and grey is between the two. Numerous Bantu languages have ...
user6726's user avatar
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