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14 votes
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Besides logics, what mathematical tools are used in the study of linguistics?

Nice question, I think this is good to ask for linguistic theory in general, because people who are not so familiar with linguistic research often find this hard to imagine. First of all, logic in ...
Natalie Clarius's user avatar
13 votes

Is the way words are used the biggest obstacle in understanding science and technology?

No, you do not have a point, because (good) science does use words accurately and unambiguously. But it is probably true that they don't use the words that you would prefer, or assign the definitions ...
user6726's user avatar
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6 votes

Is the way words are used the biggest obstacle in understanding science and technology?

To respond to a few of your specific points: For instance you don't really charge a battery. Battery is full of charges so is everything else. Electrons don't really flow through wires like water ...
Draconis's user avatar
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5 votes

Formalizing Natural Languages

This is a ridiculously complicated area, and the need to eventually narrow down your interest is a high priority. I would start with classical generative syntax as practiced by Noam Chomsky, and I ...
user6726's user avatar
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5 votes

Is math a language?

The thing is that a language, when you get to the core of it, is a system of communications. It is used a means of communicating to talk to others about the world and so on. Math can be considered a ...
Alenanno's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

How is category theory applied in linguistics?

Here's a short and perhaps inadequate answer: the correspondence is briefly but clearly sketched in the wikipedia article "pregroup grammar". The simplest pop-sci reference I know of is an article ...
Linas's user avatar
  • 176
5 votes

logic symbol for 'unlike, differing from'

(Why is there still no MathJax support for this SE?! Googling and copy-pasting unicode symbols every time you want to talk about semantics is really annoying.) What you want to say is basically ¬φ(a)...
Natalie Clarius's user avatar
4 votes

Is math a language?

Mathematics itself, just like biology, philosophy, linguistics, ... is not a language or a communication system at all, but simply a science. You may argue about the precise scope of mathematics, but ...
Natalie Clarius's user avatar
4 votes

Is 'x' the written form for the speech sound ɛks in this sentence?

"x" is a symbol, also it is a visual symbol. I can't present you with a tactile symbol that refers to the same thing, but there is a Braille symbol ⠭ which might refer to the same alphabetic ...
user6726's user avatar
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4 votes

Is there a topic in linguistics that uses differential calculus or AP stats level statistics?

Statistics are very useful in linguistics, but the relevant techniques go far beyond AP level. Calculus is not directly useful, but calculus (especially integral) is essential background for higher-...
Bert Barrois's user avatar
4 votes

Is the way words are used the biggest obstacle in understanding science and technology?

Yes and No You're mostly talking to people who are actively trying to be helpful, contributing time to answer linguistics problems as clearly as possible. These people you're talking to use technical ...
lly's user avatar
  • 149
4 votes

An Overview of Mathematical-Logical Approaches in Formalizing Natural Languages

Seconding the Kornai stuff mentioned above; it's all great. Probably the seminal text here from the point of view of relatively modern linguistics would be Partee's 1993 book, which while somewhat old ...
Fred's user avatar
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3 votes

An Overview of Mathematical-Logical Approaches in Formalizing Natural Languages

Before pointing to some literature I want to clarify the interaction between Montague semantics and categorial grammar: Montague semantics is intimately related to categorial grammar. Indeed, one the ...
sequitur's user avatar
  • 176
3 votes

An Overview of Mathematical-Logical Approaches in Formalizing Natural Languages

I’m a grad student in mathematics doing research in Formal Semantics. Work in the Montague Semantics pulls upon a lot more than just Lambda Calculus. There’s a lot of work with non-standard logic (...
m. lekk's user avatar
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3 votes

An Overview of Mathematical-Logical Approaches in Formalizing Natural Languages

There’s probably a good encyclopedia article or handbook on mathematical linguistics, Andras Kornai wrote some books on this. You might like this blog post. https://blog.juliosong.com/linguistics/...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
3 votes

Is there a topic in linguistics that uses differential calculus or AP stats level statistics?

For sure, statistics and probability theory has been extensively used in linguistics, you can see for example the papers published in the Journal of Quantitative Linguistics. On the other hand, I do ...
Davius's user avatar
  • 570
3 votes

Is there a topic in linguistics that uses differential calculus or AP stats level statistics?

Linguistics uses various mathematical tools. Statistics is widely used in many sub-disciplines. Work in phonetics, for example, typically requires at least the level of statistical training that you ...
user6726's user avatar
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2 votes

Is math a language?

of course mathematics is not a language. but we do have a "language" of mathematics, that allows us to express mathematical ideas. Or so it would seem. Is there really such a thing? Not really. It ...
mobileink's user avatar
  • 437
2 votes

What natural symbolic representations could be used for Mathematical constants?

Strictly speaking, a name like "gobbledegook" is a symbol. That's a reasonable systematic, and important to note as a derived grapheme might strive for similarity with the name. Thus it becomes ...
vectory's user avatar
  • 1,412
2 votes

Is there a human language with a continuous and differentiable morphology/phonology?

No. Human language is by nature discrete or even discretised. There are some parameters that can in principle vary continuously, like the length of vowels or the quality of vowels in the formant ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
2 votes

Is 'x' the written form for the speech sound ɛks in this sentence?

According to Kluge (Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache, 2019; s.v. x-beliebig) the use of x, y, z by Descartes' (C17) resembles earlier scripture, in which the placeholder had already ...
vectory's user avatar
  • 1,412
1 vote

Why would Hawaiian diphthongs have this structure?

There are two kinds of "why" answers, hard-core reality ones, and conjectural-conceptual ones. The hard-core reality answer is "Because of the linguistic history of Hawaiian", ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.2k
1 vote

What is the term for a phrase that connects two objects with some relation?

Things we might think of as "operators" in mathematics/logic or "verbs" in linguistics are all just predicates. The operator = is a two-place predicate. We can think of a think of ...
niorumia's user avatar
1 vote

Formalizing Natural Languages

My favorite is Coppock & Champollion's Semantics Boot Camp. It is formally precise yet written in a very accessibly way. The first chapters provide an introduction to elementary logic and set ...
Natalie Clarius's user avatar
1 vote

Is the way words are used the biggest obstacle in understanding science and technology?

There is such thing as meta level. Greek μετα- means ‘after, behind’. The easiest way to think about it is by naming it ‘thing about thing’. For example, metadata is “data about data” — a photo in ...
Yellow Sky's user avatar
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1 vote

How are inline fractions written in modern Hebrew? Which way does the slash tilt?

There are plenty of Hebrew sources that use a forward slash, such as this jelly doughnut recipe https://www.mako.co.il/food-recipes/recipes_column-holidays/Recipe-2af8ad052bb3431006.htm ‏כוס ריבה ...
matan-matika's user avatar
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1 vote

Besides logics, what mathematical tools are used in the study of linguistics?

I gave a long answer to a closely related question here: How is category theory applied in linguistics? The answer there talks mostly about category theory and quantum mechanics, so is much narrower ...
Linas's user avatar
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