Minimalism or Minimalist program (MP) is a major line of inquiry that has been developing inside generative grammar since the early 1990s, starting with a 1993 paper by Noam Chomsky.

It is a Program and not a theory. It can be thought of as an injunction to minimise the the amount of linguistic-specific information we invoke in explaining natural language. Click here to find out more about Minimalism on Linguistics StackExchange