16 votes
Accepted

What is the Mongolian vowel separator for?

The formal description has been already given in the excellent @ColinFine's answer. Let me give a different description in "layman terms". Mongolian characters usually have four distinct forms: ...
6 votes

What is the Mongolian vowel separator for?

The Unicode 30 spec says, in section 11.4: U+180E MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR is a word-internal thin whitespace that may occur only before the word-final vowels U+1820 MONGOLIAN LETTER A and U+1821 ...
  • 6,744
3 votes

Is "Qadaqan" Mongolian or Turkish?

The modern Persian word pronounced /γadaγan/ means “prohibition” and the like; it is spelt both as غدغن and as قدغن. It can hardly be a native Persian word. I have searched for it in Clauson’s “...
  • 23.1k
2 votes

Does anyone knows a work on Mongolian loanwords in Turkic languages?

I recommend ESKİ VE ORTA TÜRKÇEDE MOĞOLCA KELİMELER by Tuncer Gülensoy. Not only does it have a good summary, it also includes lots of sources for that topic. I also recommend this paper: ...
  • 492
2 votes

Does anyone knows a work on Mongolian loanwords in Turkic languages?

The standard work on Turkish etymology is Clauson's "Etymological dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish".
  • 23.1k
2 votes

was old Mongolic similar to old Turkic

For Turkish and Mongolian the situation is similar to the case of Mongolian and Tungusic asked in a prior question: To our best current knowledge, there is no provable genetic relationship.
2 votes

Can Tungusic and Mongolic be a language family that has same root

Many people before were intrigued by the same question but the current consensus seems to be that Manchu-Tungus and Mongolian are independent language families for which no common root can be ...
1 vote

From which language was the Finnish word for "language" derived?

The "Altaic" languages are generally not considered a valid group, not to speak of Ural-Altaic, so the words you mention do not go back to one original source, but rather to two separate sources, one ...
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