5 votes

Why two appearances of the past participle "ganado" in this derivation?

One of the main reasons for positing a v layer separate from V is the behavior of ditransitive verbs. In particular, all the objects of a ditransitive verb seem to form a constituent of their own, ...
Draconis's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Question on move operation

First, let me get the usual caveats out of the way: MP is a program, not a theory. It tells you what kinds of questions to ask about syntax, and guides you in comparing the answers from competing ...
abarnert's user avatar
  • 2,625
5 votes

How do contractions work in syntactic movement?

I'm not convinced the notion "clitic" is really needful to explain what is going on. Some syntactic rules depend on what the words are, and you can't always trust traditional English orthography to ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
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5 votes

How do contractions work in syntactic movement?

Summarizing the paper by Zwicky and Pullum commented by @sumelic above: They suggest that most contractions are clitics, but <-n't> is an inflection. Most English contractions, such as <-'s> &...
Mark Beadles's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Why do 'wonder' and 'think' act differently in wh-movement?

Wonder takes an embedded interrogative complement with its own internal trace: You wonder who John saw t. You wonder who t saw John. You wonder why I left t. When you front that wh- you're ...
StoneyB on hiatus's user avatar
4 votes

Can a TG generate sentences which a CFG cannot generate?

A transformational grammar G is a tuple (P,T) where P is some context-sensitive (e.g. context free) grammar (the 'base component' of G) and T is a finite sequence of transformations over the alphabet ...
Keelan's user avatar
  • 4,136
4 votes

What is HMC in generative grammar?

This stands for "Head Movement Constraint". It was introduced by Lisa Travis in her 1984 MIT dissertation Parameters and Effects of Word Order Variation, p. 131: Head Movement Constraint: ...
Keelan's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Restrictions on Wh-movement

Successive cyclic wh-movement is motivated by theoretical principles of minimal computation, as well as empirical data. There's nothing inherently wrong with the 'one fell swoop' analysis, but cyclic ...
Ink's user avatar
  • 336
3 votes

Is 'raising' an outdated concept in modern linguistics?

No, Raising is alive and well, but the conception of Raising as a transformation is moribund, because transformations are no longer accepted. So, if we believe in Raising, and Raising is a ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
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3 votes

V to T movement in German

du Schach gespielt hast as you say is an embedded clause, and string-identical to the underlying form Carnie is referring to. (To answer your first question.) As for the question on how to detect V-&...
purlupar's user avatar
  • 638
3 votes

X-bar theory without movement

You might want to have a look at LFG, they use X' Theory extended with an additional "lexocentric" category S to accommodate nonconfigurational phrase structures.
Atamiri's user avatar
  • 2,590
3 votes
Accepted

Is v-spec Specific for agent? If so, How to Solve This Problem?

Andrew Radford (Radford 2004) discusses it on p. 351. Go is an unaccusative verb, which means, under Radford's analysis, that the subject originates in spec-VP, unlike in the case of transitive (...
Alex B.'s user avatar
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2 votes

Ontological status of syntactic transformations

As a minor technical correction, syntactic theories in the generative tradition do not involve transformations, they used to involve transformations, 50 years ago. Current generative syntax is very ...
user6726's user avatar
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2 votes

Do any languages treat "locative" words as more than suffixes or prepositions?

You used nouns with locative meaning in your own examples: “top” and “side”. In English, nouns like these are used along with prepositions (“on (the) top of”, “on the side of”) but there are languages ...
brass tacks's user avatar
2 votes

Textbook: “grammar behaves as if something is left behind after movement” — How so?

I don't think the purpose of this example is to provide evidence; I think it's just to demonstrate one occurrence of this type of movement. The bolded example speaks to movement in general and holds ...
Matthew Fulton's user avatar
2 votes

Is Affix Hopping Still a Thing?

Chomsky’s original formulation is obsolete, if only because lexical integrity of some sort is usually assumed. But there are many languages in which suffixes or clitics are part of a constituent that ...
Atamiri's user avatar
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2 votes

Wh-movement Question

The original sentence for the question “Which canvas appears to have been painted with a red paint?” is “This/That canvas appears to have been painted with a red paint”, and the answer would be “This ...
Yellow Sky's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

What would English sound like if the Normans were Spanish?

Assuming that those Scandinavians from Normandy in France were speakers of Spanish and not French, also that the invasion was still in 1066, English would sound more or less the same except that some ...
user6726's user avatar
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2 votes

Does a null-subject language always have to satisfy EPP?

No. Not in the Turkish that is spoken in Istanbul. The evidence comes from scope relations when the subject is not dropped. When you say: Bütün çocuk-lar gel-me-di. all kid-pl come-neg-pst ...
Utku Türk's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Difference between the Merge postion and the base position

Generative theories of syntax generally propose a few different "operations", which are invoked in various ways to build the tree. If you're a computationalist, you might prefer to call ...
Draconis's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

Why is head movement subsumed to PF operation

You are comparing apples and oranges, though at least we remain in the realm of "syntax in linguistics". The question that you are raising makes sense in the Minimalist framework – it is an ...
user6726's user avatar
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2 votes

Do CP adjuncts of N require/have a subject?

It is not so much a question for the EPP but for the analysis of relative clauses. You analysed the "that" as a C-head, and that looks ok to me. However, there is some uncertainty in the ...
Alazon's user avatar
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1 vote

Do any languages treat "locative" words as more than suffixes or prepositions?

Sure, in the Bantu languages these relationships are generally expressed through nouns rather than prepositions. (Though they're not called relational nouns like the ones brass tacks mentions, for ...
Draconis's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Floating quantifiers in X-bar theory: "the men all have gone"

'The men all have a {noun}' is fine, but 'the men all have {verb}ed' is not. The rule is probably the same one as the one that has us say 'they/we have all {verbed}' rather than 'they/we all have {...
simon at rcl's user avatar
1 vote

Allowed surface locations of [+wh] phrases apparently depend on semantics—if so, how and why?

I think you have to be more careful with the examples you're using here. Your parallelism seems odd (at least to me). There are issues of transformation (passivization), surface PP order, and argument ...
Tsutsu's user avatar
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1 vote

Does a null-subject language always have to satisfy EPP?

EPP entails that [Spec; TP] must be filled. However, the subject can move out from [Spec; TP] to an adjunct position, leaving a trace at [Spec; TP]. An example of such a movement is topicalization, ...
Press Coffee's user avatar
1 vote

What is the difference between successive-cyclic wh-movement and long-distance wh-movement?

Well, compare TG ( Transformational Grammar) and GPSG (Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar). TG allows the formulation of rules that perform long distance movement, using the variables of a ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
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1 vote

What languages have extraction markers?

As I understand it, you're asking about a specific extraction marker that occurs always and only when a nominal is extracted, and in clause chains it appears in each clause. As far as I know, this ...
user6726's user avatar
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