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24 votes

Can you have two first languages?

Since "first language" is not a technical concept of linguistics, feel free to say you have two first languages. Although linguists may use the expression, we often feel a bit uncomfortable ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.2k
6 votes

What is the substrate of Romanian language?

I will first answer to the title of the question, namely "What is the substrate of Romanian language". Romanian could have several substrate layers. The most frequent one is the Dacian layer, which ...
Midas's user avatar
  • 2,562
5 votes

Is there a word like father-tongue?

The idea of mother tongue can break down when you have more than one language learned by the child. Multilingual families are often the ones who see this the most. There are various labels for all ...
Michaelyus's user avatar
  • 7,516
5 votes
Accepted

Corpus of English sentences written by non-native speakers?

Learner corpus It seems that you're looking for what's commonly called "learner corpus", i.e. data that's written by people of various skill who don't speak the target language natively but are at ...
Peteris's user avatar
  • 414
4 votes

Position of negation in an english sentence

The Original Poster's examples don't imply anything very different from each other. However, the general question of whether or why it matters where we put the negation in a sentence is quite ...
Araucaria - him's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

I don't know what my L1 is and want to find out

You have to first determine how you are going to define "L1", which isn't a scientific term in linguistics. It sort of stands for "first language", in which case Russian is your L1. Though perhaps ...
user6726's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Is there a word like father-tongue?

A distinction is sometimes made by some speakers (who are not usually fluent English speakers), who treat "mother tongue" compositionally rather than as a technical term meaning (well, that in itself ...
user6726's user avatar
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4 votes

Can you have two first languages?

Yes. The phenomenon is known as "bilingual first language acquisition". See for instance https://repositories.lib.utexas.edu/handle/2152/22711
Steve Bennett's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

How is the number of native Urdu/ Hindi speakers counted?

The numbers are self reported, so one can't argue with what people identify as. The technical terms like language/dialect/register don't mean anything. The situation with Hindi and Urdu is more ...
vin's user avatar
  • 611
3 votes

Can you have two first languages?

In families of emigrants it is not uncommon that parents talk with their child in their native language that is then learned to a degree expected from that age. However when the child starts going to ...
Audrius MeŇ°kauskas's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

is it possible to forget how to pronounce a phoneme that exists in ones native language?

That is fairly unlikely, assuming that you fully acquired and maintained the language into adulthood (young children who stop speaking a language may completely lose the language). You should consider ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.2k
3 votes

Do Native Americans' names mean the same to Native Americans as to English (or other languages) speakers?

This question ties into a wider sociolinguistic discussion of the cultures, traditions and customs around naming in general. The balance between conventionalisation and uniqueness / identifiability in ...
Michaelyus's user avatar
  • 7,516
3 votes

Could it be a person without a native language?

There is no non-pathological possibility of a person not having a native language, so such a rhetorical statement amounts to saying that it's hard to decide which of many languages is one's "best" ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.2k
3 votes

I don't know what my L1 is and want to find out

How is "L1" used in these texts you're reading? Is it a) about the influence of the L1 on the syntax and pronunciation of the L2? b) is it just about the L2 label for a new adult learned language? ...
Mitch's user avatar
  • 4,475
2 votes
Accepted

Educating people in their mother tongue

I suspect that there are not any good studies that will give you a comprehensive answer. You might be able to find a compilation of official national educational policies that covers a sufficient ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.2k
2 votes

Technical term for terms never used naturally by native speakers?

This would be unidiomatic usage of terms.
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
2 votes

Native language rejection

The form of the question helps to explain why there isn't anything systematic in this area. Immigrants who decrease use of their earlier most-used language after immigration may not be rejecting the ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.2k
1 vote

Can you have two first languages?

My uncle married a Canadian woman, (my family is Swedish). My cousins grew up always speaking english to their mother and swedish to their father (their mother understands swedish but prefers not ...
Anju Maaka's user avatar
1 vote

Do natively bilingual people have accents in one or both of their languages?

Anecdotally, no (but research does concur with my account, for example the Handbook of Bilingualism has many relevant chapters). I have been raised a native Hindi and English speaker from birth, and ...
Aryaman's user avatar
  • 1,134
1 vote

Would I be considered a native English speaker?

The most widely accepted definition of "first language" is the languages acquired within the the so-called critical period - a period in which children are highly sensible for the development of ...
Natalie Clarius's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Do difficult native languages slow down early education?

All native speakers possess knowledge of at least spoken form of the language. But of course there can be difficult areas especially in written form. In Russian for instance, native speakers often ...
Anixx's user avatar
  • 6,657
1 vote

What is the substrate of Romanian language?

To sum it up: Romanian substrate is more complex than what the formula Romanian=Latin+Dacian might suggest, and Romanian is not just "Latin spoken by Dacians". The Dacians by themselves (and their ...
cipricus's user avatar
  • 725

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