4

I believe what you are seeing is the difference between Partitive and a normal DP. Partitive indicates that the phrase is about a quantified subset of a bigger set of objects. Some languages even have a separate noun case for that. Most notably, Finnish: pala juustoa = a piece of cheese Some Slavonic languages, including my native Ukrainian, use Genitive ...


3

Lots of languages precede proper names with a definite article. The phenomenon is called the 'preproprial definite article'. You can find an article with a quick survey of languages and some theoretical conclusions here: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/253773804_Why_Rose_is_the_Rose_On_the_use_of_definite_articles_in_proper_names The main ...


1

"Car" picks out a set, the set of cars. It is not particularly abstract, but it is large. "Red car" picks out the intersection of red things and cars, which is a subset of the set of cars. It is not less abstract, but it is a smaller set. So "red" can be said to restrict the reference of the nominal expression to which it ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible