7

Having acoustically inspected these tokens as well as online tokens from Esling and Ladefoged, I notice that all performers have a longer voice onset time (around 20 msc, varying according to performer and context, greater in the [aCa] context) in production of [c], and it is filled with identifiable fricative-like noise. The best source is the Esling chart (...


6

Is point 2 above still true? Not any more, thankfully! If not, why was it so difficult? Back when this paper was written, spectrograms of sound were right on the cutting edge of technology. They generally involved hooking a microphone up to a huge bank of band-pass filters, each of which was receptive to a certain frequency range, and making ink marks ...


4

The Original Poster's examples don't imply anything very different from each other. However, the general question of whether or why it matters where we put the negation in a sentence is quite interesting—especially in relation to certain verbs: It is a fact known to millions of hardworking English language students all over the world that native English ...


3

I'm not aware of any work on this topic in linguistic phonetics, but there may be something out there in musical acoustics for voice. The main problem for quantifying inharmonicity is detecting harmonics exactly, and the main issues can be seen using Praat. Frequency information comes in fixed-width bins which is inversely related to the length of the ...


2

There won't be evidence that speech is perceived linguistically, since that is not a sufficiently precise claim that it could be tested experimentally. Since it is self-evident that people do perceive the linguistic units words and utterances (in one understanding of what perception is), no experiment has been conducted (as far as I know) to prove that this ...


2

It has to do with two things: the experimental task, and the nature the things being perceived. All acoustic measurements are continuous, i.e. capable of having any number of values. However, the mind does not handle continuity well, and linguistic units are all categories (a small set of discrete values), but are based on physical continua. Tone in a ...


2

Categorical means yes vs no or one of small set of things like red/green/blue. Phonemic features of consonants are usually like this, place of articulation, stop vs fricative, voiced vs unvoiced. Continuous means on a smooth scale like frequency or a large approximate set of things (like time in milliseconds). Perception works through sensor devices, ...


1

The quick answer is that voicing and VOT are not same thing. Voicing is a physical phenomenon ("the vocal folds vibrate"), and VOT is a measurement ("time from release of a consonant to voicing"). You might use VOT as a means of detecting that a consonant is voiced, in case the consonant is voiced throughout its closure (the VOT value will be negative). You ...


1

Although auditory equidistance is foundational in the cardinal vowel system, it is widely known that this is a problematically unvalidated concept. Peter Ladefoged made this point a few times. Here is a proposal for empirically testing the concept, based on a higher-tech version of Jones' method. The input stimulus is a pair of vowel-like synthetic stimuli, ...


1

Logoori has two taste words, -rur-u and -nʊr-u. The former covers hot (spicy), bitter, sour and generally anything negative (it also means "fierce" when applied to animates), and the latter is "sweet". Phrases can be constructed to convey whatever you'd like to say such as "salty, meaty, mushroomy, vegetal".


1

I sketched out a conservative approach to the interface among syntax, morphology, and phonology in another answer here, which depends essentially on parallel processing and does not distinguish in principle between syntactic, morphological, and phonological rules. I know it doesn't answer the question you asked, but it's related.


1

There is a rather new answer to this old question: Languages may differ in their speed measured in syllables/second or words/second, but are pretty uniform in the amount of information per time. The speech rate measured in bit/second is uniform over very different languages and it is about 39 bit/s, see this paper: Christophe Coupé, Yoon Oh, Dan Dediu, and ...


1

I am not sure that the mean length of the words explains the speed of spoken language : they are very similar between French and Italian (many words too), but, when spoken, the rhythm is quite different. From the French point of view, Swiss and Belgian natives are notoriously slow, and even the Canadians from Québec - with almost exactly the same vocabulary ...


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