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Etymology of the Turkish word "rüzgâr"

The semantic shift seems to be: time > weather > wind For the first step compare Latin tempus “time” > French temps (“time, weather”). For the second compare German Wetter (“weather”) with ...
fdb's user avatar
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13 votes
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How to Romanize "شایق" in order to be easiest to an English speaker?

Gh would be preferable to q in my opinion. In Iranian Persian, q̈âf has merged with ġayn, both representing a [ɣ]~[ɢ], sound. While this sound doesn’t exist in English, the closest sound is certainly [...
Uri Granta's user avatar
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10 votes

If I learn Persian/Farsi, could I be able to understand Uighur language?

No. Your friend is right about Uighur being Turkic. But Persian is not Turkic; it's Indo-European, so lexical similarity between these languages is going to be VERY low and limited to a few loan-...
Omar and Lorraine's user avatar
10 votes

Is it reasonable to connect the Old Persian/Avestan word for "garden" with the Greek word?

It doesn’t seem like there’s any connection. Persian is not my speciality, but going by etymologies given on Wiktionary, their similarity is completely coincidental. Greek Greek βοτάνη contains the ...
Janus Bahs Jacquet's user avatar
9 votes
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Did Persian ever have a hard or soft "th" sound?

There are two different issues here. First: New Persian never had a voiceless /ϑ/, at least not in words of Persian origin (though it is possible that in early Islamic times bi-lingual speakers did ...
fdb's user avatar
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8 votes
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Did modern Farsi lose its casual word for yes?

First, you seem to be starting from the assumption that all words that are similar between Persian and other IE languages must be cognates. But that's not true; there are three distinct reasons two ...
abarnert's user avatar
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8 votes
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How to interpret the only available Middle Persian dictionary?

Here in Mackenzie’s dictionary verbs are normally cited in the infinitive form, but if (as in this case) the infinitive is not attested, the dictionary quotes the present stem followed by a hyphen. So ...
fdb's user avatar
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8 votes
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What is the difference between "می‌گفت" and "میگفت"?

There is no difference. It is just a matter of spelling. You can write the particle مى as a separate word, or you can join it to the following verb.
fdb's user avatar
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8 votes

What is the name of this sound change, and do we have it in English?

The shift of classical Persian ān to ūn is a feature of Tehran dialect (Tehrūnī), and of many other forms of colloquial Persian. It is an example of “labialization”. This phenomenon is widespread in ...
fdb's user avatar
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8 votes

What is the name of this sound change, and do we have it in English?

I don't know Persian, however I have some knowledge of linguistics. The example given seems to be linked to a shift in register (different use of language in different circumstances). The formal ...
Tomato's user avatar
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6 votes
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Etymology of Ancient Greek interrogative particle ἆρα

ἆρα is considered to be cognate with the interrogative particle in Baltic languages (Latvian ar, Lithuanian aȓ). Persian āyā does not have a known ancestor in Old or Middle Persian. In early New ...
fdb's user avatar
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6 votes

Does [s] before [b] always become [z]?

In Arabic, تَسْبِيح‎ [tasbi:ħ] is pronounced with s. It may well be common in human languages that sequences of obstruents agree in voicing, and the main tendency is for regressive assimilation, but ...
user6726's user avatar
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6 votes

How likely is it that Old Medean /ṛ/ and /b/ would have been rendered in Biblical Hebrew as /ħ/ and /w/?

Identifying Ahasuerus with Astibaras, rather than the typical Xerxes I runs into several problems. The first is that the original Medean form is unattested (as with all Medean), and known only in ...
Tristan's user avatar
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6 votes
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Accuracy of Этимологический словарь иранских языков (Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages) by Rastorgueva and Edelman

In the third volume on page 176 where they mention Persian درنا (durnā) “crane”, they do so with a reference to [Аб. ИЭСОЯ IV, 304] which is an abbreviation for Историко-этимологический словарь ...
Yellow Sky's user avatar
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5 votes
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How different is Old Persian / Avestan / Farsi from each other?

Your first question: Avestan and Old Persian are the two attested Old Iranian languages. Both are very close to the reconstructed Old Iranian, and thus to one another. New Persian (Fārsī) is (mainly) ...
fdb's user avatar
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5 votes

Distinction between Chemistry and Alchemy in Arabic and Farsi languages

Kimiya (کیمیا) is the Persian word for the attempt of turning tin and copper to silver or gold, or finding the elixir. Today in Persian, Kimiya is only used in a metaphoric sense in the literature for ...
Asdoost's user avatar
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4 votes

In Arabic loanwords, why does Persian change the short vowels with different vowels instead of matching them with long counterparts?

I see evidence that this is just some relatively modern shift in pronunciation in Persian in some accents. For example, i in the pronunciation of kitab is preserved in 1) the languages which ...
Adam Bittlingmayer's user avatar
4 votes
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Farsi: why letter Alef often sounds like long "o"?

The long ā in Persian is realised further back than the short a, typically as [ɑː] or [ɒː] compared to [a] or [æ]. As you can see on the IPA vowel chart, that puts it closer to typical o sounds: (In ...
Cairnarvon's user avatar
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4 votes
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How and when was the name of Somalia written with س in Iran?

All foreign names and words with (S) letter which are entered into Persian are written in (س) . If we borrow a word from Arabic, we will write it exactly same as Arabic letters like( ص or ث ) ...
Alireza's user avatar
  • 106
4 votes

Why the contribution of Iranic languages is being ignored?

It’s called Indo-European because when it was first discovered that Indic and Iranian languages were related to European ones, the name coined for the newly-discovered family was based on its ...
Janus Bahs Jacquet's user avatar
3 votes

What is a good etymological dictionary for the Persian language?

Johnny Cheung: Etymological dictionary of the Iranian verb. You need to look up the New Persian words in the index, which will then refer you to the appropriate entry in the main section. Paul Horn: ...
fdb's user avatar
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3 votes

How is it possible to use a single Latin alphabet for Persian which will represent ALL three standards?

Yes it is possible, in fact writing Persian using Latin alphabet clearly shows its indo-european nature and can be extremely useful if done correctly, here I introduce you the one I'm currently ...
Mehran's user avatar
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3 votes

Is "Qadaqan" Mongolian or Turkish?

The modern Persian word pronounced /γadaγan/ means “prohibition” and the like; it is spelt both as غدغن and as قدغن. It can hardly be a native Persian word. I have searched for it in Clauson’s “...
fdb's user avatar
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3 votes

Do Persian Adjectives have Masc. Fem. and Neuter forms

I agree with Yellow Sky, however I just need to add that some adjectives which are borrowed from Arabic have actually brought the Feminine and Masculine forms which happen to be actually used a lot in ...
Amir Hajiha's user avatar
3 votes

Musical notation in languages with right-to-left writing

Yes, the standard international musical notation is used for songs in these languages as well. The words are broken up into syllables and written syllable for syllable below the staff.
fdb's user avatar
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3 votes
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Do Urdu Numerals belong to the Persian Script?

I think I understand what you are asking. Urdu, like Persian, is written with Arabic script, with a few extra letters. The numbers are written with the Eastern form of the Arabic (originally Indian) ...
fdb's user avatar
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3 votes

Does [s] before [b] always become [z]?

It has been claimed by some phonological theories such as Lombardi's (1991) that (de)voicing is regressive in nature, which means that in your question we would expect /s/ to become [z] before /b/. ...
Dallak's user avatar
  • 64
3 votes

Is the Turkish word for brother(kardeş) of Indo-Iranian origin?

Old Turkish (from 8th century on) has kadaş and ka kadaş in the meaning “kinsman”. Anatolian Turkish kardeş results from a folk-etymological reinterpretation of the old word, as if from karın "...
fdb's user avatar
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3 votes

Etymology of the Turkish word "rüzgâr"

While certainly not the common term in contemporary speech, “روزگار” can mean “wind”, account to the Steingass dictionary (which covers older usages). Here is the pertinent entry: روزگار rozgār, ...
adam.baker's user avatar
3 votes

Etymology of the Turkish word "rüzgâr"

I found that in Middle Persian, rōc-kār can mean "season":
Ciccione's user avatar

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