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There aren't any "English pronunciation courses" in the universities that I am familiar with in the US, though as a part of general English as a Second Language they do teach pronunciation. There are also specialized courses in Speech & Hearing science, which generally focus on English. Linguistics departments don't generally have "English ...


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The problem is with this line: Replace interval text... 'tier_silences' 0 0 'labtier_silences2$' 'dur_silence$' Literals Specifically, the 0 0 bit tells Praat to replace all labels on that tier (or: from interval 0 to interval 0 - this is just how Praat specifies "all labels" in this function call). You want to select, by number, the specific ...


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Proto-Indo-European is generally reconstructed as having three series of "velar" stops: the "plain velar" series *k *g *gʰ, the "palatovelar" series *ḱ *ǵ *ǵʰ, and the "labiovelar" series *kʷ *gʷ *gʷʰ. The names are conventional; it's generally accepted that the "palatovelars" were more fronted than the "...


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As others have remarked, pitch level (high, medium, low) is defined in terms of the natural voice range of a given individual. However, in many tonal languages, “tone” encompasses not only pitch, but also contour (level, rising, falling, falling and rising, etc.), and phonation (plain, glottalized, breathy, creaky etc.). These factors mean that tone can be ...


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It it is relative to the "current range". That is determined by a number of things. First, individuals have a certain range as a consequence of their anatomy. Second, languages can specify (in a social sense, not a strictly grammatical sense) that the range exploited in speech should be relatively high or relatively low. Variants of such whole-...


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The physical properties of the speech signal do not provide evidence for phonological analysis into a system of categories, which might include "segment". If you want evidence for the segment, or for features, you have to look to the mind that causes the speech signal to exist. There are occasional contexts where you can detect segment boundaries ...


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(A note: I've generally seen the word for "nucleus and coda" spelled rime, rather than rhyme. It's pronounced the same, either way. But I'll be using that spelling in this answer.) A precise definition of "rhyme" is hard to nail down, because different poets use different variations on it. But one common definition is that two words rhyme ...


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