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1

Latin opposes participles with -nt- (active) to -d- (passive-stative). If you believe in Kortlandt's effect, that is to say the alternation between *H1 and *d in a number of words and roots, then -d- in timi-d-us and -eH1- in tim-e-o are basically the same morpheme *-d- with and without Kortlandt's effect.


-4

Yes you are right. You only forgot finger with -r suffix like live liver, bite bitter.


-1

I would add to the other answer the following phrases: dhĝhi̯esterom dheĝhr - yesterday dus menes - enemy (lit. bad mind) dus dius - bad weather (lit. bad sky) dems potis - household master


-2

bad: çhar - Greek kako Well, sure this one is not Greek, as it came from Iberian (modern basque "txar"). Never forget the Meschoi, one of the principal tribe supposed to have been involved in armenian's ethnogenesis were servants of the Iberians (cf. Procopius). what: zi - Greek ti This one too have to come from iberian (modern basque "zer&...


3

This has been known for a long time (see e.g. Meillet 1894: 299), cf. Kim 2018 "Balto-Slavic also has several examples of velars continuing PIE palatals (“Gutturalwechsel”)." For instance, Otkupshchikov (Откупщиков 1989/2001), in Ряды индоевропейских гуттуральных, discusses what he calls «непоследовательная сатемность» (inconsistent satemization) ...


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