3 votes

'some students,' 'many students' etc. in logical formula

To express "some students" in the sense of "more than one", you could say that there exist at least two distinct individuals both of which are students and met by John (and yes, ...
Natalie Clarius's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Does Swedish "varje" have both distributive and collective readings?

You are correct about both sentences. The first one, Varje elev samlades i korridoren, not only sounds odd but is something that no one would say. (One would expect Alla eleverna samlades….) Your ...
Segorian's user avatar
  • 251
3 votes

Why and how is the following sentence erroneous?

The reason is that the rules of (that dialect of English) do not generate that output. There can be many ways of fixing the sentence, some involving big changes and some involving small changes. In ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83k
2 votes
Accepted

Is there such a thing as a "floating preposition"?

I don't see any floating of a preposition in your examples. McCawley has some interesting remarks about reciprocal "each other". In the reference, click "next" until you get to occurrences 6-9, and ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
  • 12.5k
2 votes

Scopal relation of negation and quantifier

The sentence formed by combining an element with others is the scope of that element. (Sometimes the element which is said to have a scope is itself excluded from that scope, but including it comes ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
  • 12.5k
2 votes

Are these generalized quantifiers correct?

Correct; "neither" does essentially assert "0" and "both" asserts "2". What makes them more complicated is that "neither" and "both" bear an ...
Natalie Clarius's user avatar
1 vote

How is the 什么...都 (shénme ... dou) construction in Standard Chinese usually analyzed?

"I am calling a verb in a serial verb construction that is not the "head" one a coverb." I would prefer that you didnt do that, coverbs in Mandarin are words that function ...
小奥利奥's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Floating quantifiers in X-bar theory: "the men all have gone"

'The men all have a {noun}' is fine, but 'the men all have {verb}ed' is not. The rule is probably the same one as the one that has us say 'they/we have all {verbed}' rather than 'they/we all have {...
simon at rcl's user avatar
1 vote

Is the indefinite article a quantifier?

The indefinite article surely is a quantifier -- as you say, it quantifies an NP to indicate existence and, more arguably, uniqueness. The reason you haven't found it explicitly listed as such might ...
Natalie Clarius's user avatar
1 vote

Constraints on quantification in syntactic structures

The question concerns the observation that the floating quantifier prefers to immediately follow rather than immediately precede an auxiliary verb. Interestingly, however, the quantifier can readily ...
Tim Osborne's user avatar
  • 5,677
1 vote

Solving type mismatch

As a little intellectual exercise, I looked around a little and found an online PDF using your notation - "Elements of Formal Semantics" (http://www.phil.uu.nl/~yoad/efs/EFS-ch3-online.pdf). ...
Carl Dombrowski's user avatar
1 vote

Is there such a thing as a "floating preposition"?

The boys hit each other. Each is not a 'floating quantifier' here (whatever that means), and each does not modify boys. The reciprocal meaning is expressed by each in combination with other, and ...
BillJ's user avatar
  • 830

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