9 votes

In English, noun phrases within a relative clause cannot be further relativized, but this is allowed in some cases in Japanese

Iwasaki's formulation is unclear. What he means is that besides the one NP in a relative clause that is made into a relative pronoun (or ortherwise marked as being relativized), you cannot relativize ...
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  • 12.3k
6 votes
Accepted

Turkish: the -DIK participles and an information loss

Your observation is correct and you're not missing anything. The original case information is simply lost with -DIK (and -(y)EcEK) participles. So is most of the original tense information by the way: ...
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  • 2,165
5 votes

When did the concept of constituent movement arise?

What is different between English on the one hand, and such ancient Indo-European languages as Latin, Greek and Sanskrit, is that the latter had a very free constituent order: not only the order of ...
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5 votes

Relative Clause Tree Diagram

It's hard to tell from your picture, because some of the lines are not really visible. But I'm pretty sure your confusion comes from the fact that your teacher is wrong, in multiple, fundamental ways: ...
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  • 2,585
3 votes

Can't find the features related to Rel-N

As for Nganasan, see A Grammar of Nganasan, 2018, BRILL, by Beáta Wagner-Nagy. In short, it says that the relative clauses are usually participial constructions, the adverbial clauses stick to the ...
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  • 16.3k
3 votes

Why in English can't two NPs in a relative clause be relativized?

Let's compare three theories of the CNPC "island" constraint: TG. Ross's description is phrased in terms of Transformational Grammar. In fact the original title of his dissertation, Contraints on ...
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  • 12.3k
3 votes

Which noun phrases within relative clauses can be [further relativized]?

Assuming that you refer to your recent related question, I'll elaborate some more on Greg Lee's answer (which I think already brings the main issue of the problem quite well to the point), hoping that ...
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  • 6,150
2 votes

When did the concept of constituent movement arise?

It seems that the Mashi Wentong (1898) discusses fronting. "The “normal” subject is always called qici , while the topic is called zhuci, as can be seen in the analysis of sentence (4), where Zhuanyu ...
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2 votes

Turkish: the -DIK participles and an information loss

That's correct as stated in other answers. If you need to keep the tense information you can use a different structure: Gezdirmiş olduğum köpek uyuyor. Gitmiş olduğum köy güzel. These sentences ...
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  • 21
2 votes

What is the syntactic status of subordinate clauses such as "what can be..."?

The what clauses include the terms that you say they modify. In These words are what can be called weak determiners. the relative clause (with fused head) is what can be called weak determiners....
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  • 6,464
2 votes

Does the relative clause (which suggests...) here function as an adjunct of the whole clause in front of it?

The high notes returned to his compositions towards the end of his life, [which suggests he was hearing the works that were taking shape in his imagination]. Yes, it is an adjunct, more ...
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  • 790
2 votes

Does the relative clause (which suggests...) here function as an adjunct of the whole clause in front of it?

I think you're right, and iirc this is what McCawley argues in Syntactic Phenomena of English. The antecedent of "which" in the appositive relative clause is the S "The high notes ... his life". ...
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2 votes

"To whom" in pied-piped infinitive relative clauses

As pointed out by sumelic in the comments, my corpus is woefully incomplete, and I missed the important generalization. The preposition doesn't matter: "I already told you about the man to/with/about *...
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  • 2,585
2 votes
Accepted

Are non-restrictive relative clauses adjuncts or modifiers?

I'll refer you to, first, @BillJ's comment above, which I agree with, then to McCawley's analysis in the The Syntactic Phenomena of English, which makes restrictive relative clauses modifiers of N' (N-...
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  • 12.3k
2 votes

how does case inflection work on the head noun in internally headed relative clauses?

Hittite puts the noun inside the relative clause, then puts a pronoun in the main clause. The case of this pronoun indicates the role of that noun in the main clause. ÌR.MEŠ=YA=wa=za ku-ēs dā-s nu=...
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  • 53.3k
1 vote

how does case inflection work on the head noun in internally headed relative clauses?

I think the Wikipedia article on relative clauses has a fairly good summary of different types of relative clause. I will refer to some of its categorizations below, but use them differently. The ...
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1 vote
Accepted

Compositional Semantics of relative clauses

This is a good start and your calculation works out, but the standard literature wouldn't agree on your suggestion that Tom destroyed is of type t. The crucial point is that that the moved-away ...
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  • 6,150
1 vote

Compositional Semantics of relative clauses

The view which emerged from Lauri Karttunen's classic paper "Migs and Pilots" is that a relative pronoun is coreferential with the NP relative clause construction it occurs in. See Pauline Jacobson. ...
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1 vote

What part of a non-restrictive relative clause corefers?

I agree that your example is a reduced non-restrictive relative clause. For evidence that appositives of this sort are reduced clauses, see McCawley's discussion of appositives. However, in the ...
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1 vote

How does Japanese word order obviate the need for relative pronouns?

The word "need" here is a bit strong. Imbabura Quechua is head-final like Japanese, but verbs in relative clauses still have special nominalization marking (wambra-ca runa-ta ricu-rca-mi "The child ...
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  • 69k
1 vote

How does Japanese word order obviate the need for relative pronouns?

In my opinion, since Japanese is a head-final language and since the verb comes at the end of a clause, a sentence-final noun would be enough to indicate that the clause is a pre-modifier of the noun. ...
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  • 1,522
1 vote

Relation of Persian "Ke" and English "That"

Here are my edits, mostly echoing comments already made: 1) The students who were absent, whose names I prefer not to mention, should do this practice... 2) We were walking, when suddenly a ...
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  • 12.3k
1 vote

Which languages have Subject-object agreement in relative clauses?

I would not call this object-agreement because (to my knowledge) it also holds for non-object relative clauses, such as adverbial relative clauses (but not for subject-relative clauses, as I'm sure ...
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