14 votes

Proto-Indo-European (PIE) words with IPA

The problem is, nobody is quite sure how PIE was pronounced! When we talk about PIE phonemes like /*d/, we don't mean it was actually IPA [d]. We mean that "there seems to have been a phoneme, which ...
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  • 52k
11 votes
Accepted

How can I find the frequency for the Russian word "чем-нибудь"?

Asking the Leipzig Wortschatz Projekt gives the answer: Word: чем-нибудь Number of occurrences: 5,018 Rank: 33,962 Frequency class: 14 Information on the corpus: Information on corpus: Russian Mixed ...
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10 votes

What program can I use to make a tree of a language family?

If your want a user-friendly program to use on the go you can check Cmaptool from good people at the Florida Institute for Human & Machine Cognition (IHMC) it's really easy to use straight forward ...
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  • 1,229
9 votes

List of French minimal pairs

Update: I have cleaned up and organized this list significantly, and it is now available here. I had the same question as you, and ended up throwing together some perl scripts to scrape Wikipedia's ...
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  • 592
9 votes
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Who said "The difference between a language and a dialect is in who has the army"

אַ שפּראַך איז אַ דיאַלעקט מיט אַן אַרמיי און פֿלאָט a shprakh iz a dialekt mit an armey un flot Max Weinreich As WavesWashSands says, the earliest known published source is Weinreich's article: ...
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  • 2,974
9 votes

How can I find the frequency for the Russian word "чем-нибудь"?

Using the Araneum Russicum III corpus (I am linking to the readily available 125Mtokens subcorpus; after a (free) registration you get access to the whole huge 19Gtokens one; the results are from the ...
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8 votes
Accepted

For each IPA phone, are there animations or videos that depict the vocal tract during articulation?

I should think that there are a number of sources. For example, the University of Sheffield offers videos for every IPA sound. If the sounds of English, Spanish and German are enough for you, the ...
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  • 356
8 votes

Who said "The difference between a language and a dialect is in who has the army"

Max Weinreich is usually said to be the person who created the quip, but according to the Wikipedia entry on him, he was actually quoting someone else.
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7 votes

List of minimal pairs in Turkish

There doesn't appear to be such a list, hence I made you one based on this word list: i o aç iç öç uç üç ad od öd af of öf uf ağ eğ iğ ah eh ıh oh ak ek ok al el il ol öl an en in on ön un ün ...
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  • 629
6 votes
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Where can I find a list of abbreviations used in tree diagrams of sentences?

We created eztreesee so that rank beginners can try out sentences without having to install parsers, models, etc. on their own computers. The backend runs entirely off the Stanford Parser. And ...
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  • 3,537
6 votes

How to trace Proto-language roots towards English and French?

The first thing to do is stop thinking about spelling, and start thinking about pronunciation. Proto-Indo-European had no spelling, and for a long time, neither did Latin. In this case, you need to ...
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  • 67.8k
6 votes
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Method for Self Teaching

Here are a few suggestions: There is a MOOC being offered through Coursera: https://www.coursera.org/course/humanlanguage The virtual linguistics campus has some good content and is well taught but ...
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6 votes

Is there any Sanskrit-Greek-Latin-English dictionary available?

Not a single dictionary, but you could get the effect by chaining together resources. I suggest starting with Bopp's Glossarium Sanscritum which is a Sanskrit-Latin Glossary. After a few pages of that,...
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  • 67.8k
6 votes

Open Dataset Latin Verb Forms

If you're interested in inflected forms, you could take data from Wiktionary's Latin section. Most verb entries have automatically-generated conjugation tables, and all of the content is CC-BY-SA. If ...
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  • 52k
6 votes
Accepted

looking for corpus of dialogue recording in appointment between doctors and patients

Contrary to the expectations of some commentators, doctor-patient corpora are available (under some conditions, needing to sign some licence and confidentially agreement) for research. The standard ...
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6 votes

Is there a better series of sentences for observing features of a language?

You're essentially describing the field-worker's script. In reality, such a list is an ever-growing project constructed on the basis of previous results (when e.g. you discover that you can't use the -...
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  • 67.8k
6 votes

Looking for Spanish email or chat corpora

The Grupo de Ingeniería Lingüística, part of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México has a WhatsApp corpus of undergraduate students. They have a paper that introduces it: http://www.aclweb.org/...
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  • 450
6 votes
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Good audio resources for the ejective consonants

The best reference source is the UCLA phonetics collection, here (you will notice a lot of other interesting sound categories). I have strong reservations about using Wiki exemplars which are not ...
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  • 67.8k
6 votes

Language acquisition by 100% immersion -- any cases you know of?

Do linguistic field workers count? In this case I offer the case of Daniel Everett who learned the Pirahã language from scratch by contact with the native people without having any common language. Of ...
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5 votes

Looking for a Morphology Database

CELEX certainly has this information (at shallow and deep levels of morphological analysis). It is not free. I wasn't able to find a free alternative in a quick search. There are also morphological ...
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5 votes

Online etymology dictionaries for French, beyond CNTRL?

If you have access to a good library you can consult von Wartburg's Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch in 25 volumes. There is also an abridged French translation.
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  • 22.6k
5 votes

Is there an English to Coptic translator online?

Machine translation in general is in its infancy. Even for major languages like Mandarin Chinese and Spanish, computers have trouble with context-dependent concepts such as verb inflection and words ...
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  • 436
5 votes
Accepted

glossary/dictionary corpus for NLP task

Two resources are particularly popular. WordNet Wiktionary
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  • 3,537
5 votes
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Accurately representing stress

I have to first point out that "represent" is ambiguous in linguistics: it could refer to a mental object, such as "the representation of tone in the (mental) grammar of Chinese", or it could refer to ...
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  • 67.8k
5 votes
Accepted

Get Prolog (other functional programming language) rules/facts from LKB or similar system

You will likely not find a program that "converts" natural language sentences into plain Prolog code like Green(X) :- Grass(X). because natural language is way too involved to be accuarately expressed ...
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  • 6,120
5 votes
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Do there exist any Phoenician or Etruscan dictionaries online?

Krahmalkov's Phoenician-Punic Grammar contains a high-quality (but unfortunately short) dictionary, focusing mostly on functional words and affixes rather than content words. It seems like it's meant ...
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  • 52k
5 votes

How can I find the frequency for the Russian word "чем-нибудь"?

The online version of Russian Nation Corpus (in Russian) offers frequency statistics of word forms, broken down by year: https://processing.ruscorpora.ru/graphic.xml?env=alpha&mode=graphic_main&...
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  • 689
4 votes

What are the best online resources for learning about (and making?) synthetic speech?

Here are some resources, in no particular order: The Wikipedia article on Speech Synthesis gives a pretty good overview on the topic, although it's a bit thin in its discussion of statistical ...
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4 votes

Where can I learn more about the 'linguistic center of gravity' theory?

I think it is Joseph Greenberg who first used this notion (borrowed from biogeography/taxonomy) in his controversy with Malcolm Guthrie, a leading Bantuist in the 1960s, about the Bantu homeland. ...
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4 votes
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What sub-field in linguistics should I study to help me learn foreign languages?

Let me share with you an experience I had in learning Russian. I was utterly incapable of pronouncing the (stressed) high central vowel transcribed y (such as in the name Gromyko). The best I could ...
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