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14 votes

Proto-Indo-European (PIE) words with IPA

The problem is, nobody is quite sure how PIE was pronounced! When we talk about PIE phonemes like /*d/, we don't mean it was actually IPA [d]. We mean that "there seems to have been a phoneme, which ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67.1k
11 votes
Accepted

How can I find the frequency for the Russian word "чем-нибудь"?

Asking the Leipzig Wortschatz Projekt gives the answer: Word: чем-нибудь Number of occurrences: 5,018 Rank: 33,962 Frequency class: 14 Information on the corpus: Information on corpus: Russian Mixed ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

Who said "The difference between a language and a dialect is in who has the army"

אַ שפּראַך איז אַ דיאַלעקט מיט אַן אַרמיי און פֿלאָט a shprakh iz a dialekt mit an armey un flot Max Weinreich As WavesWashSands says, the earliest known published source is Weinreich's article: ...
iacobo's user avatar
  • 3,132
9 votes

Who said "The difference between a language and a dialect is in who has the army"

Max Weinreich is usually said to be the person who created the quip, but according to the Wikipedia entry on him, he was actually quoting someone else.
WavesWashSands's user avatar
9 votes

How can I find the frequency for the Russian word "чем-нибудь"?

Using the Araneum Russicum III corpus (I am linking to the readily available 125Mtokens subcorpus; after a (free) registration you get access to the whole huge 19Gtokens one; the results are from the ...
Radovan Garabík's user avatar
6 votes

Open Dataset Latin Verb Forms

If you're interested in inflected forms, you could take data from Wiktionary's Latin section. Most verb entries have automatically-generated conjugation tables, and all of the content is CC-BY-SA. If ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67.1k
6 votes
Accepted

looking for corpus of dialogue recording in appointment between doctors and patients

Contrary to the expectations of some commentators, doctor-patient corpora are available (under some conditions, needing to sign some licence and confidentially agreement) for research. The standard ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
6 votes

Is there a better series of sentences for observing features of a language?

You're essentially describing the field-worker's script. In reality, such a list is an ever-growing project constructed on the basis of previous results (when e.g. you discover that you can't use the -...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.2k
6 votes

Looking for Spanish email or chat corpora

The Grupo de Ingeniería Lingüística, part of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México has a WhatsApp corpus of undergraduate students. They have a paper that introduces it: http://www.aclweb.org/...
axme100's user avatar
  • 460
6 votes
Accepted

Good audio resources for the ejective consonants

The best reference source is the UCLA phonetics collection, here (you will notice a lot of other interesting sound categories). I have strong reservations about using Wiki exemplars which are not ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.2k
6 votes

Language acquisition by 100% immersion -- any cases you know of?

Do linguistic field workers count? In this case I offer the case of Daniel Everett who learned the Pirahã language from scratch by contact with the native people without having any common language. Of ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
6 votes

How good ChatGPT is at answering questions?

specifically in its treatment of word sense, syntax As far as I have seen, its treatment of word sense and syntax seem to be nearly perfect. I have been browsing its interactions with other people, ...
prash's user avatar
  • 3,669
5 votes

Is there an English to Coptic translator online?

Machine translation in general is in its infancy. Even for major languages like Mandarin Chinese and Spanish, computers have trouble with context-dependent concepts such as verb inflection and words ...
Locoluis's user avatar
  • 456
5 votes
Accepted

glossary/dictionary corpus for NLP task

Two resources are particularly popular. WordNet Wiktionary
prash's user avatar
  • 3,669
5 votes
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Accurately representing stress

I have to first point out that "represent" is ambiguous in linguistics: it could refer to a mental object, such as "the representation of tone in the (mental) grammar of Chinese", or it could refer to ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.2k
5 votes
Accepted

Get Prolog (other functional programming language) rules/facts from LKB or similar system

You will likely not find a program that "converts" natural language sentences into plain Prolog code like Green(X) :- Grass(X). because natural language is way too involved to be accuarately expressed ...
Natalie Clarius's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Do there exist any Phoenician or Etruscan dictionaries online?

Krahmalkov's Phoenician-Punic Grammar contains a high-quality (but unfortunately short) dictionary, focusing mostly on functional words and affixes rather than content words. It seems like it's meant ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67.1k
5 votes

How can I find the frequency for the Russian word "чем-нибудь"?

The online version of Russian Nation Corpus (in Russian) offers frequency statistics of word forms, broken down by year: https://processing.ruscorpora.ru/graphic.xml?env=alpha&mode=graphic_main&...
Quassnoi's user avatar
  • 699
5 votes

Syntax tree software

For typesetting, the forest package for LaTeX is quite good, and has a lot of presets built in for linguistics purposes (syntax trees, autosegmental trees, etc). Source: [CP [CP [that] ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67.1k
4 votes
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What program can I use to make a tree of a language family?

I'd also recommend qTree - if you've ever sat in a syntax class or had to work with natural language parsers, it will be very easy to use: http://ftp.snt.utwente.nl/pub/software/tex/graphics/pgf/...
Dr. Paradise's user avatar
4 votes

Where can I learn more about the 'linguistic center of gravity' theory?

I think it is Joseph Greenberg who first used this notion (borrowed from biogeography/taxonomy) in his controversy with Malcolm Guthrie, a leading Bantuist in the 1960s, about the Bantu homeland. ...
Aksavavit's user avatar
4 votes

Online etymology dictionaries for French, beyond CNTRL?

Wiktionary has etymology entries going back to Old French, Latin, and Proto-Indo-European (PIE), e.g., https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bleu#Etymology.
emallove's user avatar
  • 141
4 votes

For each IPA phone, are there animations or videos that depict the vocal tract during articulation?

Seeing Speech is a remarkable site that has MRI, UTI and animations for most IPA sounds.
Phil Mitchell's user avatar
4 votes

Which dictionaries can be considered as the most complete for Modern Greek?

It depends on your criteria, of course. Of the contemporary monolingual dictionaries, the Triantafyllidis and Babiniotis' are both well-regarded, for different reasons. For comprehensiveness, there ...
Nick Nicholas's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Is there a document with all the inflection forms of all the world languages?

No, there is no such document however the set of thematic relations, particularly in its instantiation as 'semantic macroles', may be something like what you're after, but the way that these map on to ...
Gaston Ümlaut's user avatar
4 votes

most common Turkish words

A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish by Yeşim Aksan, Mustafa Aksan, Ümit Mersinli and Umut Ufuk Demirhan (Routledge, 2017) contains the 5,000 most common words in Turkish, based on a 50 million word ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 533
4 votes
Accepted

Is there free and open Chinese corpus?

The Opus corpus (open subtitles) has a chinese subcorpus. It really comes much in handy when you want to train tools with parallel corpora. It is open source and the lannguage is derived from movies ...
Miluleh's user avatar
  • 86
4 votes

Search tool question

A web search engine isn't a good tool to answer your question. You need a large corpus of English text and a Corpus Query Processor. With the cqp Corpus Query Processor, the query for So? looks like ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Which free resource to find word frequency?

Word frequency is only a proxy for word knowledge. For the English language, there are data available on word prevalence, i.e., on how many people know a certain word. You can find Measures of word ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar

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