Skip to main content
11 votes
Accepted

Name for seemingly incomplete sentences

They are called garden-path sentences and the definition is more or less what you said: "The reader is lured into a parse that turns out to be a dead end or yields a clearly unintended meaning.&...
Luke Sawczak's user avatar
  • 2,442
6 votes

How did verb conjugation by person, number and gender appear? Why do we still use it?

More theory than history for you, but one take on it: Language evolution is an eternal tug-of-war between ease of articulation and information density. We want to say things quickly and learn how to ...
Luke Sawczak's user avatar
  • 2,442
5 votes

Peculiarities of English as spoken/written by Norwegians

What about translating literally some Norwegian expressions? I've heard someone says "it wasn't only-only" before now, with a thick accent of course. "only-only" is not a ...
Omar and Lorraine's user avatar
5 votes

Do sentences have primary and secondary stresses?

No, this is a common misconception. When considering languages like English, it's a good idea to distinguish from the outset concepts such as 'stress' (in connected speech), 'accent', and 'nucleus' (...
Araucaria - him's user avatar
5 votes

Do "imperative" and "declarative" belong to the same or different categories?

The mood applies to the verb in a clause, not to a sentence. English has a barely functional system of "moods", nearly all verbs are used in indicative (even in situations that plainly call ...
James K's user avatar
  • 564
4 votes

How did verb conjugation by person, number and gender appear? Why do we still use it?

The systems employed in Germanic and Slavic result in part from inheritance from Proto-Indo-European, with changes (such as the loss of agreement in Norwegian, massive reduction in English, and the ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.1k
4 votes

Are there any languages where you can put the demonstrative at the end of the sentence?

The Malagasy language has a verb–object–subject (VOS) word order, so in the sentence “This is blue” the subject “this” is the last word in the corresponding Malagasy sentence: English: This is blue. ...
Yellow Sky's user avatar
  • 18.5k
4 votes

Does the function of a clause belong to semantics or syntax?

In Pullum and Huddleston’s CGEL grammar, a clause is first a matter of syntax, second a matter of semantics. That is, it is a particular form that is observed in words and sentences, but which may ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
3 votes

Does this sentence have two meanings?

The two senses are specific and non-specific: Specific: A certain person, who happens to be an employee, must leave. ("Employee" is not in the scope of "must".) Non-specific: There is a requirement ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
  • 12.5k
3 votes

Do any languages allow merging of two sentences without punctuation?

There is no punctuation in spoken languages (ignoring constructed languages like Lojban with spoken punctuation). It is debatable whether punctuation is a feature of language at all. Even in written ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
3 votes

Is there a definition of "sentence" that applies to all languages?

Yes: A word or set of grammatically linked words expressing a complete thought. "Expressing a complete thought" is context-dependent: "Sure" might or might not be a sentence. It is as an answer ...
cbrandolino's user avatar
3 votes

Split a sentence using nltk and python

If you are familiar with spacy, you can use the dependency of the words in the sentence: import spacy nlp = spacy.load("en_core_web_sm") doc = nlp("Apple is looking at buying U.K. ...
Nour Matta's user avatar
3 votes

Do "imperative" and "declarative" belong to the same or different categories?

"Mood" is a category that's been invented to describe how certain languages work. In some languages, it makes sense to analyze verbs this way. In others, it doesn't. Types of utterances, on ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 66.7k
3 votes

Do "imperative" and "declarative" belong to the same or different categories?

The first thing to do is say what "mood" is. Mood is a formal property of verbs forms (formal in the sense "the form of the verb") that signals modality. In other words, "mood&...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.1k
2 votes

Is either of these meanings of the word "sentence" more conventional?

I think we can confidently conclude that there are two or even more conflicting definitions of "sentence". Analogously, there are multiple definitions of "markedness". However, your first quote: ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 83.1k
2 votes

Sentence/Utterance/Proposition

I can vouch for my answer from the perspective of how philosophers in general (and philosophers of language at the introductory level) answers this. For linguistics, I include what I was able to glean,...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 127
2 votes

Looking for tool to split german text into sentences

spaCy does sentence boundary detection (sentence segmentation, sentence breaking). It also supports German. See https://spacy.io/api/doc#sents for an example:
Adam Bittlingmayer's user avatar
2 votes

Looking for tool to split german text into sentences

Just searching for tokenizer german I came up with Stefanie Dipper's tokenizer for German. It comes with a somewhat non-commercial license (read it before download).
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
2 votes

What are the best NLP sentence alignment tools?

There is hunalign available from github. It is the current standard tool for multilingual aligned corpora.
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
2 votes

Negativity score for sentences

In general, this is called sentiment analysis aka opinion mining; putting either of those into Google will give dozens of different possible starting points. One model I've used before is VADER, ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 66.7k
2 votes

Subordination. Chinese vs English

Just keep spamming 的-clauses. To use your example: 我认识一个[有狗的]人。 我认识一个[有[向猫吠的]狗的]人。 我认识一个[有[向[在屋子里的]猫吠的]狗的]人。 我认识一个[有[向[在[[...的]城市的]屋子里的]猫吠的]狗的]人。 My own judgement is that the longer sentences don'...
WavesWashSands's user avatar
2 votes

What sort of sentence is a request?

I don't think requests are a sentence type. Requests are polite commands, but any sentence type can be used to make a request. Sentence type concerns the grammatical form of a sentence -- like ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
  • 12.5k
2 votes

Complex sentence without a subordinating conjunction?

These are SIMPLE SENTENCES. These are not complex sentences because they don't have a dependent clause. Any type of clause should have a subject and a verb (an action / conjugated verb). A dependent ...
Nadia's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes

Are there any languages where you can put the demonstrative at the end of the sentence?

Classical Latin allows such a word order e.g. "caeruleus ille est" (literally "blue that is"). This word order, with the predicate first adds emphasis to it, and "ille ...
Tristan's user avatar
  • 8,784
2 votes

Why do Spanish words change meaning when put in a sentence?

Why do Spanish words change meaning when put in a sentence? Is this unique to Spanish, that one surface form can have many senses? Let me put it like this: He put his shares at 80. He is a shot put ...
Adam Bittlingmayer's user avatar
1 vote

What sort of sentence is a request?

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Huddleston, Pullum et al, 2002) describe three broad categories of ɪʟʟᴏᴄᴜᴛɪᴏɴᴀʀʏ ғᴏʀᴄᴇ with which a clause or sentence may be used: Statement Question ...
Araucaria - him's user avatar
1 vote

What sort of sentence is a request?

I suspect you're asking about the five major 'clause types' that are used to perform different kinds of speech acts. I believe there to be a broad consensus that they are: Declarative: You are very ...
BillJ's user avatar
  • 830
1 vote

Do any languages allow merging of two sentences without punctuation?

In Berber, the coordinating conjunction "and" between utterances doesn't exist (A part from some varieties). They say: I ate, I watched TV yesterday.
amegnunsen's user avatar
  • 1,525

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible