Hot answers tagged

46 votes
Accepted

Why isn't "I've" a proper response?

English syntax makes a distinction between auxiliary verbs and full verbs. (Note that this answer is only talking about English; other languages do things differently. And as people have pointed out ...
user avatar
  • 53.1k
16 votes

Why does IPA have stress in /ɡəˈʃtɔlt/ before instead of after the /ʃ/?

IPA doesn't make that decision. However, conventionally, stress is marked at the beginning of the syllable. The implication of transcribing the word as [gəˈʃtɔlt] is that the onset of the stressed ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
11 votes

Why isn't "I've" a proper response?

You can't delete a vowel and also stress it. That's obvious. So deleting a vowel prevents stressing it, and stressing a vowel prevents deleting it. A principle of English stress is that the last ...
user avatar
  • 12.3k
8 votes
Accepted

Do stressed (in e.g. English) or pitched (in e.g. Japanese) phones contribute to different phonemes?

Whether we call something a "phoneme" or not depends on the kind of theory and analysis. It’s just an arbitrary tool of description. Some linguists will lump together tones and vowels/consonants as "...
user avatar
7 votes

How did Latin get its stress pattern?

I'm afraid the most satisfying answer I can give is, these things just change over time, without a solid reason. It's like asking why the vowels in Middle English chain-shifted so dramatically: vowels ...
user avatar
  • 53.1k
7 votes

Why does IPA have stress in /ɡəˈʃtɔlt/ before instead of after the /ʃ/?

user6726's answer explains nicely what it means to have the stress marker in that position (it shows where the syllables are divided). But if your question was less "what does this notation mean" and ...
user avatar
  • 53.1k
7 votes
Accepted

Vowels in the second syllable of 'harmonic' and 'harmonious'

The background assumption is that there are rules of diphthongization where tense vowels /ō ē ī ū ǣ / become [uw, iy, ay, aw, ey], the latter being written various ways in contemporary ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
6 votes

Example of stress or tone on a consonant

It depends what you mean by "consonant". In Swahili you can see stress on nasals, as in mtu /ˈm̩.tu/ "person". In Cantonese, similarly, you see nasals with tone: 五 ng5 /ŋ˩˧/ "five" versus 悟 ng6 /ŋ˨/ "...
user avatar
  • 53.1k
6 votes
Accepted

What does linguistics call sets of words with the same spelling, different (but perhaps related) meaning, and different emphasized syllables?

This has not been elevated to the status of a special term. There is some generality to the pattern and is discussed in the phonological literature. In English, verbs versus nouns have different ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
6 votes

What does linguistics call sets of words with the same spelling, different (but perhaps related) meaning, and different emphasized syllables?

Of course there is the term homograph for words sharing the same spelling, but I am not aware for a special term of homographs that are essentially distinguished by their stress patterns.
user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

What kind of stress is this?

It means it is pronounced either /ˈaɪsˌfri/ or /ˌaɪsˈfri/. This notation of "¦" standing for "primary or secondary stress" was devised in Webster's Third (1961) by its ...
user avatar
  • 4,762
6 votes
Accepted

How can I recognize the placement of stress in a word/syllable?

Some languages, such as Arabic, Polish, Czech or Swahili, have reasonably-detectable stress in a rule-governed location. Russian stress is not hard to detect, but it is hard to predict where the ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
5 votes
Accepted

Why are "economics" and "economist" stressed on different syllables while both of them have the same number of syllables?

Taking economy into account as well, I think the problem doesn't come from the economist, but from economics: economy has stress on the second syllable. economist has stress on the second syllable ...
user avatar
  • 6,120
5 votes
Accepted

What's the explanatory value of Metrical Trees?

The primary problem that metrical trees are intended to solve is the representational problem of what the rule system actually produces. Prior to L&P 77 and as exemplified by the SPE analysis of ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
5 votes
Accepted

Accurately representing stress

I have to first point out that "represent" is ambiguous in linguistics: it could refer to a mental object, such as "the representation of tone in the (mental) grammar of Chinese", or it could refer to ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
5 votes

How did Latin get its stress pattern?

Unfortunately, I don't think that there is any known satisfactory explanation. "Why" questions can be difficult to answer even for well-documented linguistic phenomena, and I have the ...
user avatar
  • 16.7k
4 votes
Accepted

What is the phonetic difference between "White House" and "white house"?

You are right to say that the difference between these is one of stress. "White House" has a single stress on the first syllable, "white house" has an equal stress on both syllables. Linguistically ...
user avatar
  • 22.7k
4 votes
Accepted

"split into" -- putting the stress on the right syllable

There are a number of accounts of this fact. Without trying to go back to the earliest linguistic accounts of this, the Sound Pattern of English by Chomsky & Halle has a account of stress-levels, ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Types of "stress" in language

There are two main types of "stress". The first is what we still call stress, which refers to word stress, sometimes called lexical stress. The position of the stress may be completely predictable by ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
4 votes

Why isn't "I've" a proper response?

There are multiple technical explanations, depending on theoretical framework, but one non-technical way to look at it is that you have to include an "actual verb" in the response, where the verb is "...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
4 votes

What does linguistics call sets of words with the same spelling, different (but perhaps related) meaning, and different emphasized syllables?

These are examples of suprafix in English, where the stress pattern on a word changes to give it a distinct meaning. More specifically, your examples are all initial-stress-derived nouns. Such words (...
user avatar
  • 3,024
4 votes

When teaching word stress to ESL students, is it worth teaching secondary stress placement?

There might be pedagogical utility to that, or not. I think is depends on how you explain the lack of vowel reduction in the first syllable. Or, the lack of flapping in "latex". All near ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
4 votes

Do sentences have primary and secondary stresses?

No, this is a common misconception. When considering languages like English, it's a good idea to distinguish from the outset concepts such as 'stress' (in connected speech), 'accent', and 'nucleus' (...
user avatar
3 votes

What is the linguistic cause of the formation of "competete" a wrong variant of "compete"?

It's called analogy, and besides competition there is also competitor (already with two t's) suggesting the form to competete. Looking at the Latin original forms (competere, competo, competivi, ...
user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Can word stress always been seen in the signal as increased f0?

No, on numerous levels. On a token level, sometimes a stressed syllable doesn't have higher F0 and could have a lower F0. More systematically, in some dialects of English there are intonational pitch ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
3 votes
Accepted

Swahili stress with two vowels in a row, how does it work?

From an orthographic POV, stress is on the second to last vowel of the word ([púa] "nose", and if there is only a single orthographic vowel but there is an NC sequence before the vowel, the stress is ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k
3 votes

Sentence stress detection

I also don't know of any ready-made tool that does this. It would be very helpful to know roughly what you were hoping to use this for, since that would dictate exactly what kind of tool you would ...
user avatar
  • 131
3 votes

Sentence stress detection

Searching online returns quite a few results, some of which are quite tailored to your needs: Tepperman, J., & Narayanan, S. (2005, March). Automatic syllable stress detection using prosodic ...
user avatar
3 votes

Does syntactic stress exist?

First, word stress can be computed with reference to syntactic properties, so "the first syllable of a verb is stressed" (as opposed to perhaps the penult in nouns) is perfectly possible. This may be ...
user avatar
  • 68.7k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible