6 votes
Accepted

Difference between English and French in the use of subjunctive mood in counter factual protasis

Essentially, regarding irrealis conditionals, it is French that has changed "further" than in English in this regard. In Classical Latin, both the protasis (the if-bit) and the apodosis (the ...
Michaelyus's user avatar
  • 7,466
4 votes
Accepted

Why "were" for subjunctive?

It should be a cognate because the stems of the past subjunctive/Konjunktiv irrealis/II forms are the stems of the old preterite plural(and 2nd singular). Compare the obsolete paradigm of sterben: ...
unknown_person_1000's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

About Subjunctive/Konjunctive

French subjunctive is usually triggered by certain kinds of verbs that require their complement to be in subjunctive but also by certain conjunctions; one could establish four classes of triggers: "...
Natalie Clarius's user avatar
3 votes

Is there something deeper behind the “verb classes swapping” of the subjunctive endings in Romance languages?

From 280 of Benjamin W. Fortson's Indo-European Language and Culture: The Italic subjunctive is not a continuation f the Proto-Indo-European subjunctive, which became a future. There are at least ...
pbarrett's user avatar
2 votes

Is there something deeper behind the “verb classes swapping” of the subjunctive endings in Romance languages?

This trait is directly inherited from Latin. A verb like laudare has subjunctive forms with an e: laudem, laudes, laudet, lauemus, laudetis, laudent while other verbs form their subjunctive with an a, ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Mood and tense in (Gibbon's) "Rome was saved, if the wisdom of Belisarius had not been defeated"

Technically, the answer to your question is that was is a preterite indicative, because mood and tense are categories of verb form, not semantics. But you're right that this is an unusual use of the ...
TKR's user avatar
  • 10.9k
1 vote

Mood and tense in (Gibbon's) "Rome was saved, if the wisdom of Belisarius had not been defeated"

and Rome was saved is an ordinary declarative, the top of a climax: the fireship was instantly grappled to the bridge; one of the towers, with two hundred Goths, was consumed by the flames; the ...
StoneyB on hiatus's user avatar
1 vote

About Subjunctive/Konjunctive

What is the reason for the difference […]? Using the subjunctive for indirect speech in German is dying out. Conservative grammar books will probably still require that the subjunctive be used for ...
ˈvʀ̩ʦl̩ˌpʀm̩ft's user avatar

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