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5 votes

Does a subordinating conjunction necessarily introduce a subordinate clause?

All of the examples you cite indeed contain subordinate clauses, but in general a subordinating conjunction does not necessarily introduce a subordinate clause. In numerous languages of the world, ...
macleginn's user avatar
  • 193
4 votes

What part of speech is the word "that" in "That you be happy!"

Your phrase is a fragment (not a sentence). It might occur as the answer to a question ("What do you want?"). 'That' is a complementizer -- it makes 'you be happy' the complement of 'what'. This is ...
amI's user avatar
  • 666
3 votes

Yoruba purpose clauses

The broader semantic domain of purpose in Yoruba (as in any other language) can be realized by different kinds of expressions. In Yoruba this would range from clause complexes to single clauses ...
Lolu Ores's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

"in relation to which" - what type of subordinated clause and is this conjunction somehow distinct?

It is a relative clause. A plot of land is acting as the lexical head of the RC, and in relation to was 'moved' to before the relative pronoun (not conjunction) which through the process of pied ...
WavesWashSands's user avatar
2 votes

Subordination. Chinese vs English

Just keep spamming 的-clauses. To use your example: 我认识一个[有狗的]人。 我认识一个[有[向猫吠的]狗的]人。 我认识一个[有[向[在屋子里的]猫吠的]狗的]人。 我认识一个[有[向[在[[...的]城市的]屋子里的]猫吠的]狗的]人。 My own judgement is that the longer sentences don'...
WavesWashSands's user avatar
1 vote

Is it possible that whole relative clause refers/describes one word/phrase in the main clause (without anaphora)?

No, anaphora is always involved in a relative clause construction, because relative clauses have relative pronouns (not necessarily explicit), and relative pronouns are anaphoric. The "which" of your ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
  • 12.5k
1 vote

Formal semantics of subordinate clauses (compound sentences) - in categorial and type logical grammars?

As I recall (I haven't gone back to McCawley's books to check this), McCawley treats subordinate clauses like prepositional phrases whose objects are sentences, and prepositions as predicates with ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
  • 12.5k
1 vote

Does a subordinating conjunction necessarily introduce a subordinate clause?

In his The Syntactic Phenomena of English, McCawley discusses this problem of identifying subordinate clauses. He suggests testing whether a construction allows for the extraction of a constituent ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
  • 12.5k
1 vote

Are there languages with discontinued subordinate clauses?

This sort of behavior certainly occurs in some languages. Here's an example from Meskwaki where a relative clause is interspersed with the matrix clause: iiniyeeka [peeminehkawaatshiki ashaahaki ...
TylerJNA's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
Accepted

Are clauses such as "¡Que le vaya bien!" in Spanish subordinate?

I haven't found a specific grammatical term or label for this usage, but all online resources that deal with the Spanish subjunctive explain it in the same terms as proposed in the question, i. e. ...
pablodf76's user avatar
  • 1,235
1 vote

Clause analysis for causative verbs

First of all, The kind of woman that makes people remember Marilyn Monroe. is not a sentence; it's a noun phrase. As Tom Robbins once put it, This sentence no verb. If it occurs in a corpus, its ...
jlawler's user avatar
  • 10.1k

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