6 votes
Accepted

How do contronyms (aka auto-antonyms) arise?

I would guess each of these words has a different history and therefore the reason for the existence of antonyms is not unique. For example, sanction comes from a Latin root that meant "to decree, ...
  • 1,185
5 votes
Accepted

How long in a language several words for the same notion can coexist?

Every language is chock full of synonyms—hundreds or thousands of them. Usually, those synonyms have some difference. They might: … have slightly different connotations (usually "baby" includes ...
  • 2,575
4 votes

What is the difference between taurus and bovine?

Taurus is a proper name with little synchronic connection to cattle apart from usage of Latin in English for biological nomenclature and astrology, but bovine is an adjective which plainly means "...
  • 70k
4 votes

Are synonyms evidence of cultural merges between ethnicities?

In Sanskrit there are dozens and dozens of synonyms for 'sun', none of them a loanword. The same goes about other notions, too, generally speaking Sanskrit has very few loanwords, mostly names of ...
  • 16.4k
3 votes

Are synonyms belonging to different dialects "absolute synonyms"?

Well, those are among the first candidates to be called absolute synonyms if we do accept the existence of absolute synonyms, but there are always arguments for the opposite idea. For example, autumn ...
3 votes

Term for a similar word that cannot stand for it in every context?

As pointed out by others, "true synonyms" do not exist. At least not when taking pragmatics into account. If we ignore pragmatics for a moment, we could claim that, e.g., At most five people will come ...
  • 89
3 votes
Accepted

Universal Words

If you're looking for a list of such words, then be aware that Stack Exchange sites aren't the correct forum for discussing list questions. Regarding the (limited) linguistic significance of these ...
  • 1,152
3 votes

Universal Words

It's not an idea that would be taken seriously. First, such a list wouldn't be based on a particularly large sample of languages, so the "universality" of the word would be mere speculation. Second, ...
  • 70k
3 votes

Etymological reason behind Lao's many seeming variants for "stairs"?

My best guess is that the final syllable is from the Khmer word for to walk. It makes sense based on how the Khmer word for stairs is spelled. At least I cannot find any other good explanation as I do ...
2 votes

What are the processes and mechanisms that create homo(graphs/phones/semes)?

This answer only really addresses homophones and not the question of synonyms, as I don't know as much about them. I will note however that true synonyms are extremely rare, and tend to lead to ...
  • 5,057
2 votes

Etymological reason behind Lao's many seeming variants for "stairs"?

There’s no reason to assume this is a borrowed word, although Tai languages have borrowed some words with this shape (minor syllable – major syllable, or “sesquisyllabic”) from Khmer and Mon. Marvin ...
  • 748
2 votes

How is "complexity" calculated on thesaurus.com?

After a little bit of testing I've noticed a couple things. The most complex words seem not to be labeled as common. The number of words making up a synonym increase as complexity increases The word ...
  • 221
2 votes
Accepted

Term for a similar word that cannot stand for it in every context?

I think the word you are looking for is near-synonym or plesionym. According to Wiktionary, it means A word that is almost a synonym but which has a slightly different meaning.
  • 44
1 vote

Are alternative pronunciations (with or without alternative spellings) different word forms from each other?

Attempts to rigorously define "word" as distinct from other word-like combinations of morphemes have not been successful in the field. So the short answer is, there's no way to tell; the slightly ...
  • 70k
1 vote
Accepted

Is There A Text Reducing Tool Via Synonyms?

These are precisely what I was looking for: https://tiny.tw/ https://apps.techglimpse.com/tweetshort/
  • 395
1 vote

Natural Language Processing Meta-Super-Dictionary

You have two input choices: 1. analyze dictionaries (wordnet, worknik or wiktionary), 2. use word embeddings (word2vec, glove, elmo). Use this data with a WSD (word sense disambiguation) solution. ...
1 vote

Do absolute synonyms exist?

Synonymy is a spectrum Two words can be regarded as synonymous just due to a relation in meaning. Though usually, words referred to as "synonyms" are those who mean the same thing. Thing is, ...
  • 197
1 vote
Accepted

Are there different Terms for "Synonyms" when distinguishing inflectable Words from particular inflected Forms?

What you call a word is actually called a lexeme, what you call inflected forms are actually called lemmas. The difference between the lexeme-to-lexeme synonymity and the lemma-to-lemma synonymity is ...
  • 16.4k

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