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8 votes
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What do dashes in words mean?

To put it all together: if a morpheme in its citation form is written with a dash on one side or with dashes on both sides, it means it is a bound morpheme, a morpheme that can appear only as part of ...
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8 votes
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What do letters in square brackets, V, C, U in words mean?

As user6726 says, there is no fixed meaning for these. The expressions with a slash almost certainly indicate alternatives, but you would have to read the text to find out what kind of alternatives. ...
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4 votes

What do letters in square brackets, V, C, U in words mean?

The general answer is that they don't have a fixed meaning, and one would hope that the author would explain the notation. When the items are phonetic letters, it conventionally means "...
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3 votes
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'Long stories are easy to tell to the children' and 'The children are easy to tell long stories to' - entailment?

Tl:dr Yes, the two sentences convey exactly the same information, packaged in slightly different ways. This is similar to how the three sentences below semantically entail each other: Someone sent ...
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3 votes

What do letters in square brackets, V, C, U in words mean?

In reconstructions of proto-languages, V can also stand for "we know there was a vowel here but we're not sure what vowel it was". Similarly, the slash alternatives can mean "we know ...
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1 vote

'Long stories are easy to tell to the children' and 'The children are easy to tell long stories to' - entailment?

Any entailment would depend on context, and it is not hard to find situations where one is true and the other isn't. For instance: Long stories are easy to tell to the children, because I just need to ...
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