5

One famous example in such respect is the name of Pakistan, which however was coined purposedly when it became an independent nation. It comes from an acronym formed from the names of the five northern provinces of the British India: Punjab, Afghan Province, Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan (see here). The i vowel was inserted for euphonic purposes. However, ...


5

It tends to depend on the history on the name itself, not "historical importance" of the city per se, although it is definitely plausible that, generally speaking, cities with a more complicated naming history that spans various languages and civilization are in fact more important. There are no hard and fast "rules" at all, but I can provide some examples ...


3

External names for some foreign toponyms are called exonyms (see here). The reason the exonyms can be different from the endonyms (i.e. the indigenous toponyms) is to be sought for in the history. Linguistically, it depends on how long the name of a certain city was known to the speakers of a certain language. Some cities — like Milan — were founded in the ...


2

City of lights is modern term i do not think it has any historical reference Paris is often referred to as the 'City of Light' (La Ville Lumière), both because of its leading role during the Age of Enlightenment and more literally because Paris was one of the first large European cities to use gas street lighting on a grand scale on its boulevards and ...


2

There's a wiki list of geographic acronyms and initialisms for this (I should know, since I compiled it) but only a few (if any) qualify as being a replacement name for the longer term. Perhaps sometime in the future New Orleans may officially be changed to NOLA. And I'm unsure if Soweto (South West Townships) and Nemato (Nelson Mandela Township) were ...


1

The normal situation is that locations have a local name in the local language, and that is how the place is known. Certain places become sufficiently famous that they become regularly known to other people, who speak other languages, and the pronunciation may change for them because of the rules of that language. The city "Washington" [ˈwɑʃɪŋtən] is ...


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