36 votes
Accepted

Are Hungarian and Turkish related?

Turkish and Hungarian are typologically similar: They are both agglutinating languages with vowel harmony and rather rich vowel inventories. They are, to our best knowledge, not genetically related. ...
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12 votes

Are Hungarian and Turkish related?

Hungarian belongs to the Ugric subgroup of the Uralic language family, while Turkish belongs to the controversial Altaic language family. Nevertheless, Hungarian has had some kind of contact with ...
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  • 2,534
10 votes
Accepted

What are "Auxilliary nouns" in Kyrgyz?

As far as I'm aware, "auxiliary noun" is essentially a synonym for "relational noun" (see Wikipedia). These are basically nouns that can be used to fulfil the role of adpositions, ...
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  • 1,068
9 votes

If I learn Persian/Farsi, could I be able to understand Uighur language?

No. Your friend is right about Uighur being Turkic. But Persian is not Turkic; it's Indo-European, so lexical similarity between these languages is going to be VERY low and limited to a few loan-...
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  • 4,348
8 votes
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Origins of Turkic language family? Alternatives to Altaic?

The alternative to the Altaic theory is that every language group included in there (that is Turkic, Mongolic, Tungusic, Japonic and Korean in its widest form, any theory that directly links Uralic ...
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  • 2,155
8 votes

What is this language?

I'm fairly sure that the language is Armenian. For example, the second word on the top line is միշտ (mishd) meaning "always", and the fourth line has the words քեզ (kez) "you" and մարդ (mard) "man". ...
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  • 1,337
8 votes

What's the relation between Germanic suffixes -ly, -lich, -lijk, ... and Turkic suffixes -lik -liq

Duden and other sources state that -lich is a grammaticalized form of the Middle High German līch ["body"] (which also gave rise to Leiche). -ly, -lich, -lijk (and Scandinavian forms) are actually all ...
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8 votes

What language was spoken in East Asia before Proto-Turkic?

As for the title question, the answer would be "many languages, including proto-Chinese". Focusing on the question in the body, the language spoken by the historical ancestors of proto-Turks, there ...
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6 votes

How "üçün" is Turkic but "çün" is Iranic?

Turkic üçün is a postposition meaning “because of, on account of”. It is undeniably Turkic; see Clauson, Etym. dictionary of pre-13th-century Turkish, p. 28 seq. Persian čūn is a conjunction meaning “...
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  • 22.7k
6 votes

Origins of Turkic language family? Alternatives to Altaic?

As a matter of fact, there still are a number of linguists believing that some or all of the families considered to belong to the putative Altaic stock are related one way or another. "Core Altaic" ...
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6 votes

Why did auxiliary verbs in Kazakh got completely merged into one word in Turkish?

I don't think that Turkish -yor is the result of merging jatir to the verb. Turkish language belongs to Oghuz branch which has significant differences from Kipchak branch. Constructs similar to ...
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  • 257
5 votes
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Turkic etymology dictionary

Words are not cited as Persian or Avestan loans just because they are attested in texts. Iranic languages have loans as well. If an Iranic word (e.g. birādar 'brother' > Turkish biradar) is without ...
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  • 2,534
5 votes

Accuracy of automatic (machine) translation of two languages in same language family

You're right to suspect that the accuracy can potentially be very good, but, in practice, unfortunately, as of 2019, most of the major systems - those from Google, Microsoft, Baidu, Yandex, Facebook, ...
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5 votes
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What were the pre-Arabic Turkic words used for greeting?

The examples you gave are indeed Turkish, but they are not greeting words. Instead they are questions basically "How are you". You can say that in Turkish "Nasılsınız?". The root Esen is used for ...
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  • 482
5 votes

Why did auxiliary verbs in Kazakh got completely merged into one word in Turkish?

The why? question is not answerable from a linguistic point of view, it just happened so. But there is a general phenomenon across languages named grammaticalization that describes the fate of words ...
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4 votes

Turkish "Yaz" vs. Azerbaijani "Yaz"

I am not sure that there is any good explanation. Clauson’s Etymological dictionary writes that “there is utter confusion in the Turkish languages about the words for 'spring' and 'summer'”. Perhaps ...
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4 votes

The reason for similarity of Turkic "min" and latin "mille", Turkic "dil" and dutch "taal"?

There are three reasons that words in different languages may sound similar: Common origin; Loans; and Coincidence. Common origin gives us series of related words. For instance, English "father" and ...
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3 votes

Turkic etymology dictionary

I would suggest Misalli Büyük Türkçe Sözlük prepared by İlhan Ayverdi. You can find the online version http://lugatim.com/
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  • 482
3 votes

What were the pre-Arabic Turkic words used for greeting?

I think the (modern) Uyghur word is cognate with Old Turkish yakış, Turkey-Turkish yahşı “good, pretty”.
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3 votes

Etymology of the Turkish word for copper (bakır)

The root is not known. But for etymology I would recommend Misalli Büyük Türkçe Sözlük (It is online on kubbealtilugati.com . According to it, bakır has been used since the old Turkic, but there are ...
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  • 482
3 votes
Accepted

Etymology of the Turkish word for copper (bakır)

There is no evidence that bakır comes from any other living language family, and cognates of it are present in many other Turkic languages. Yakut uses the Turkic root for gold, many major Turkic ...
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3 votes

The reason for similarity of Turkic "min" and latin "mille", Turkic "dil" and dutch "taal"?

No relation. Bin or min is Bıng (not with a i but ı) in the old Turkic. Dil is Tıl (not with a i but ı) in the old Turkic. And its real meaning is tongue not language.
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  • 482
3 votes

Is the the Turkish word kin 'hate, venom etc' restricted to Anatolian-Turkish only?

I totally agree with fdb. Although I cannot say if it is used in Central Asian Turkic Languages( Turkmen, Uzbek and Uighur), for certain I can say that (not sure about today but) it existed in ...
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  • 482
3 votes
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Is the the Turkish word kin 'hate, venom etc' restricted to Anatolian-Turkish only?

I cannot answer the first part of your question, but as far as etymology goes it is very straight-forward: it is from Persian kīn “hatred” (from Middle Persian kēn, Avestan kaēna- “revenge”).
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2 votes

Does anyone knows a work on Mongolian loanwords in Turkic languages?

I recommend ESKİ VE ORTA TÜRKÇEDE MOĞOLCA KELİMELER by Tuncer Gülensoy. Not only does it have a good summary, it also includes lots of sources for that topic. I also recommend this paper: ...
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  • 482
2 votes

Does anyone knows a work on Mongolian loanwords in Turkic languages?

The standard work on Turkish etymology is Clauson's "Etymological dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish".
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  • 22.7k
2 votes

What is this language?

This is Armenian. I'm failing to translate whole text, though it's not a dialect, on the contrary, it seems to me to be a literary language, quite standard, it's just that I'm failing to understand 10%...
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  • 907
2 votes
Accepted

Configurational assignment of accusative case?

Some X' theories have a layer above V that they call v ("little-v," because it was originally conceived for dealing with voice and valency), and claim that accusative case (and the agent) get case ...
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  • 2,324
2 votes

What is considered a grammatical case in the framework of turkic languages?

DISCLAIMER: I'm not a linguist and I don't have an authoritative source to back my reasoning, so take my answer with a grain of salt. Grammatical case reflects the grammatical function performed by a ...
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