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41 votes
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Are there any scripts which have more than 127 characters?

Yes, there are. Most famous is of course the Chinese script with several thousand characters. For Unicode purposes, Korean also has a lot of characters, because Unicode encodes Korean syllables as ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
20 votes
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Why are letters with a stroke not decomposed in Unicode?

Contrary to what the other answers have stated, the Unicode Standard does not actually care whether Ø or Ð or any other character is “fundamentally a different letter” or not, whatever that may even ...
CharlotteBuff's user avatar
16 votes

Are there any scripts which have more than 127 characters?

Chinese, Japanese, Sumerian, Akkadian, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Sanskrit, the list is endless.
fdb's user avatar
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12 votes
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Is 😂 a word/letter?

In corpus lingustics we deal with corpora containing emojis, e.g., twitter corpora or other corpora of computer mediated communication, and thus it is a legitimate question how to treat them. Stand-...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
11 votes
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How Hebrew Vowels Work

Perhaps it is helpful to understand some of the history behind this mixed system. Originally, Hebrew was never written with niqudot (diacritics added above, below, or within consonantal signs; ...
Keelan's user avatar
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10 votes

What IPA Symbols Are Equivalent to Each of These Middle High German Diacritics?

Most of the quoted characters do not stand for a single phoneme, they are either just a spelling convention for the sequence of the two characters or a scribal abbreviation whose reading may depend on ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
10 votes
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Unicode points for Arabic dotless letters

By policy, UNICODE does not assign code points for contextual variants. Some contextual variants are in by exception—their purpose is to guarantee round-trip equivalence with some older legacy ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
9 votes

Are there any scripts which have more than 127 characters?

For an alphabet used for a single language, Vietnamese has: 29 letters (including the vowels without tone marks) 12 vowels can accept 5 tone marks each All these of course in upper and lower case ...
Random832's user avatar
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8 votes

Unicode point for Alef with a cap above?

آ U-0622. It is called Alef with madda.
fdb's user avatar
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6 votes

Why are letters with a stroke not decomposed in Unicode?

For the same reason that eth (Ðð) doesn't compose into Dd + COMBINING SHORT STROKE OVERLAY. Namely, it looks like a D with a stroke through it, but it's fundamentally a different letter, and there's ...
Draconis's user avatar
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6 votes
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How to "remove diacritics" from Arabic text in unicode?

It seems to me that the issue is defining what you mean by "diacritic". You strip the under-dots from yeh, but not from beh.You strip off hamza, maddah, nukta but preserve the diacritic in ...
user6726's user avatar
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6 votes
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What is unicode character turned AE ᴂ(U+1D02) used for?

Uralicist notation (sometimes called the Uralic Phonetic Alphabet) rotates vowel characters to indicate a shortened, centralized, or reduced form of the vowel. The original proposal to the Unicode ...
Draconis's user avatar
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6 votes
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What is the purpose of transliteration?

The words "transliteration" and "transcription" are often used interchangeably. If you want to draw a distinction between them, the distinction is usually that "transliteration" tries to encode the ...
Draconis's user avatar
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5 votes
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Where are the letters ǽ and ǣ used ( U+01E3 and U+01FD)?

This is only a partial answer : æ, ǽ, ǣ and ǣ́ may be used to write a vowel present in Old English. This vowel can be short(æ) or long(ǣ), unstressed(æ,ǣ) or stressed(ǽ,ǣ́). Some random examples: ...
suizokukan's user avatar
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5 votes
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Where can I find the letters of documented writing systems, as text, online?

Most well documented writing systems have been encoded in Unicode, at least to some degree. You can see a list of supported scripts here and code charts for each script here. A few scripts (including ...
Uri Granta's user avatar
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5 votes

What is the purpose of transliteration?

One can actually read a transliterated text. Hardly possible with a sequence of Unicode numeric codes. If you want the most exact replication of the text, then even Unicode might not be "best" (your ...
Vladimir F Героям слава's user avatar
4 votes
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creaky voice unicode character tilde below with vowels

Searching this page on the Unicode website for "tilde below" confirms that the three characters you have found are all the characters with tilde below in the Unicode standard. For others, you have two ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
4 votes
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"Character sets" for top 100 languages (as opposed to Unicode)

Richard Ishida has a ton of online tools related to unicode and orthography. The most useful one for your purposes is probaby the Character Usage Lookup tool. Not a database, but you might be able ...
drammock's user avatar
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4 votes
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The letter "Ng" in Filipino/Tagalog and its Unicode value

Part of this is more a technological than linguistic question. My understanding is that in general, Unicode doesn't have numbers for letters that are composed of characters used for other letters. A ...
brass tacks's user avatar
3 votes
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What is the state of the art for diacritic restoration?

The basic approach described in https://github.com/atpaino/deep-text-corrector and https://yerevann.github.io/2016/09/09/automatic-transliteration-with-lstm/ is still the state of art. The recipe is: ...
Adam Bittlingmayer's user avatar
3 votes

How do you translate academic runic encodings to runes (ᚠᚢᚦᚨᚱᚲ)?

"Runes" aren't a single writing system: there are several variants, used in different places at different times to transcribe different languages. It's like asking "how do I convert text written in ...
Draconis's user avatar
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3 votes

"Character sets" for top 100 languages (as opposed to Unicode)

There is the CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository that contains beside locale settings also additional information on many languages, e.g., the exact character set used.
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
3 votes
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direct object and indirect object

That's correct. In English, a ditransitive verb (one that takes both a direct and an indirect object) can usually have two different word orders: S V D to I, or S V I D. In other words, "he gave the ...
Draconis's user avatar
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3 votes

Are there any scripts which have more than 127 characters?

Tamil is another example; there are 12 vowels and 18 consonants, plus one special character, so the alphabet has 31 (12+18+1) independent letters and 216 (12 * 16) combined letters (consonant + a ...
Joe McMahon's user avatar
3 votes

How many Arabic(-derived) alphabets exist?

First of all, “Modern Standard Arabic” is not "spoken in Egypt", or indeed in any country. It is used only for writing and for reading aloud from a written text. The spoken language in every Arab ...
fdb's user avatar
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2 votes

Creating Unicode Characters for new language

There are essentially two option you have: Skim through the existing Unicode characters and select a subset of them suitable for your conlang Go forth and create a conscript (constructed writing ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
2 votes
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Dotless noon (ں) gets a dot in non-final positions

This comes down to the way Unicode works: it encodes semantic meanings, not actual glyph shapes. Some fonts might display "a" with a hook on top, while others might not, and neither is incorrect. In ...
Draconis's user avatar
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2 votes
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What are the high and low letters in the Unicode Arabic block?

These Small High and Above/Below character are non spacing character which it will appear on top/below the character just like the diacritics (Fatha Damma Kasra etc.) mostly for Quranic Annotation ...
Niskala Airaha's user avatar
2 votes

What is the cuneiform glyph for peace?

One option is 𒁲 SILIM. I don't know about the Sumerian side of things, but in Akkadian it can be used as a logogram for salīmu(m) 'peace'. Here is the entry in Labat's Manuel d'épigraphie Akkadienne, ...
Cairnarvon's user avatar
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1 vote

Why are letters with a stroke not decomposed in Unicode?

Diaeresis was historically used in a number of letter combinations (a,e,i,o,u and sometimes y, even ι and υ) in a large number of languages, but ø / Ø are used only in Danish, Norwegian, Faroese and S....
user6726's user avatar
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