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Of course, whether a nominal is a complement or an adjunct of the verb makes a big difference as to whether it should be counted in valency. The artificial logical languages Loglan and Lojban permit five arguments for their semantically primitive predicates. (Lojban at least permits more arguments in compounds with subscripted case markers, but it's ...


The verb bet has a valency of four. The roles are The bet maker The other person The stake of the bet The situation bet about We call these the arguments of the verb. While most arguments are nouns, they can also be prepositional phrases, verb phrases, or whole embedded sentences. So the situation argument can be a long complex embedded sentence. Here's ...


Definitely, it's especially common for certain verbs. Bir ev tahliye ettirildi Translation: A house was evacuated In Istanbul, following the past earthquake many houses cracked (sic.). Among these, opposite of the Süreyyapaşa factory in Balat, was a new four-story stone house whose cracks were deemed so dangerous that yesterday security ...


Words can mean different things. (I know this answer is terse but I'm not sure what else you expect. There's no rule that says "Languages can't have homophonous morphemes.")


In most languages, there are (at least) two fundamental types of verbs. Transitive verbs require two nouns: Alice hits Bob. And intransitive verbs require one noun: Claire sings. When the verb is transitive, there needs to be some way of marking which noun is doing the action, and which is having the action done to it. In English, this involves the ...


If you extend the notion of valency a little, from only verbs to nouns and adjectives (or whatever classes you find in other languages), I guess there's no language without valency-changing rules: Derivation (i.e., change of word class, often signalled in morphology) will probably always involve a change of valency.

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