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The Germanic diphthong /au/ became /æa/ (spelled "ea") in stressed syllables. This dipthong was further subject to i-mutation. In the West Saxon dialects, i-mutation of "ea" was <ie> and then later /i/ or /y/ depending on the dialect. The pronunciation of "ie" is disputed. The best proposal I've seen is /iy/, which could ...


4

"Svarabhakti" is from a Sanskrit grammatical terms referring to a rule of pronunciation promulgated in the Prātiçākhyas that inserts a "brief" vowel between r and a nasal, see Whitney's Sanskrit Grammar, 230(c). In contemporary terms, this is not a full vowel, this is a vowel-like concomitant of /r/ in a certain context, part of phonetic ...


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Svarabhakti, or anaptyxis, or, in more common sense, epenthesis can't be different from the vowel because of the different nature of them: a vowel is the vowel, but svarabhakti is the process of the insertion of vowels into clusters of consonants. Also svarabhakti is related with the phonotactics: the word 'Alba' can't be simple 'Alaba' because Contemporary ...


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Phonetisaurus can do that: https://github.com/AdolfVonKleist/Phonetisaurus There is a strict 1-1 correspondence between the 2 rows: c l o s e <eps> K L OW1 Z _ <eps> q u o t e <eps> K W OW1 T _ <eps> Python code: import phonetisaurus model = phonetisaurus.Phonetisaurus ("../../train/model.fst") results = ...


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I don't know anything about the change in pronunciation of this particular word, so this is just a partial answer. The more general sound change this is a part of is shortening of /uː/ (from Middle English /oː/) to /ʊ/. This is a sporadic sound change that occurred in RP as well (in other words) and is one of the major sources of /ʊ/ in Modern English. For ...


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It might not be settled whether Proto-Germanic *au was monophthongized before developing to Old English *ea. A development to a monophthong (as you suggest) has been proposed by Raymond Page ("The Old English Rune Ear, Medium Ævum Vol 30, No 2. (1961), 65–79, my access through JSTOR), who I found discussed in "Palatalization of Velars:A Major Link ...


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