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I'll answer based on my familiarity with Greek from other authors, e.g., Embick, Alexiadou, etc. This is a wh-movement sentence. The PP to which friend was moved from an embedded position as the object of the verb speak into the higher Spec,CP to form a question. VSO here is a derived word order where the verb moves to I but the subject remains in Spec,VP. ...


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With VP shells, one way to analyze VSO languages is to say the tense features on the light verb v are strong, while the EPP (Extended Projection Principle) feature is weak (i.e. the subject stays in situ). Take a VSO language like Scottish-Gaelic Chunnaic Ian Mary see-PAST Ian Mary 'Ian saw Mary.' We get a structure like the following If the vP is elided ...


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There's good discussion of this question in Borsley et al., The Syntax of Welsh. Their discussion is focused on Welsh, but they cite typological work such as that of Dryer. That's important because some of the early and very influential correlations proposed by Greenberg, such as the correlation between VSO and noun-adjective order, have since been shown not ...


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