MGN
  • Member for 8 years, 9 months
  • Last seen more than a month ago
  • Leipzig, Germany
When were there the most languages?
14 votes

My estimation would be between 1000 and 500 years ago, after population drifts but before the European conquest. But that's just a guess and you won't get anything better than that. Counting languages ...

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What is the relationship between syntax and semantics?
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11 votes

I'll speak for the research tradition I work in, namely Construction Grammar. In CxG you have something called constructions which are symbolic units that directly link form and meaning. A ...

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Origin of articles in European languages
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11 votes

Indefinite articles developed from numerals, and the definite articles developed from demonstratives. This is a very well known process called grammaticalization.

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Does any language contrast more than two trills?
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9 votes

On the Konstanz University site there is a project, DAS GRAMMATISCHE RARITÄTENKABINETT, "a leisurely collection to entertain and instruct". There we find an entry on the Dravidian language "Toda" with ...

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Geolinguistics: how many languages to talk to 50|90%
5 votes

Here and here you have lists of languages by number of speakers and the population percentage those make up. Then it's just a question of adding up until you're at your desired threshold.

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Is generative grammar a theory or an approach?
4 votes

'Generative Grammar' is an ill defined term. You will find linguists using it to mean 'Chomskian Grammar', and linguist who think it can also refer to certain construction grammars. You mention that ...

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How does language produce identities?
3 votes

It doesn't, not directly. Those categories are more political and cultural than any other thing. It's not because of language, but because of social factors that we say "genderqueer". So, socio ...

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Why is "No" more universal than "Yes"?
2 votes

This is not the case outside of indo-european languages, as has been pointed out to you. The most likely candidate for the origin of the nV forms is the PIE form *ne, which was a negation. But it ...

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How can merge produce grammatical strings if mathematical sets do not have an order?
2 votes

Most versions of minimalism assume linearization constraints that are independent of the structure building operation. This becomes obvious when you see that different languages have different V S O ...

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Is there a computer program/script that can match a verb with its various conjugations?
2 votes

The easiest way to do this is to lemmatize your corpus. You have to use a program or library that does this for you. I know of freeling, but there are many more out there. It depends on what ...

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Do languages evolve via community usage or via influential individuals?
2 votes

Both are true. Although most language evolution, even today, occurs through language use by the whole community, influential individuals can have some impact on their languages. Take Homer, his works (...

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Why was korea able to remove kanji but japan wasn't when both languages use homophones?
2 votes

Japanese kanji lovers say kanji is required in order to deal with homophones. Unlike English, Japanese has many homophones and you can't know from context which is being used. As such we need to use ...

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Do languages affect the focus of a society/civilization?
1 votes

The answer is definitely No. However, not everyone agrees. You can read Keith Chen's article on the subject. He basically claims that the way languages use or not use future markers affects the way ...

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What should I do of inter-annotator agreement is below 100%?
1 votes

What I've seen people do, and what I would do, is to get more annotators. Get two or three more people and have them go over the problematic items, and then make a decision based on majority consensus....

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How similar are Spanish and French?
1 votes

The question "how similar are these two languages" can't be easily answer. There are many levels at which you could make a comparison, and it's not obvious how you want to quantify that. If we're ...

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Are ditransitives (or tritransitives?) cross-linguistically attested?
1 votes

In general terms, yes, ditransitives are universal as far as we know. You can take a look at this paper by Haspelmath

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Grammatical constraint of language
1 votes

A grammatical constraint is a "rule" that prohibits speakers from building a particular kind of sentence. For example, you can't say in standard English he go to school, or to he goes school, etc. ...

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How are these rolled "r"s pronounced?
Accepted answer
1 votes

It isn't alveolar in any case, it is indeed a very clean uvular trill.

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Text parsing: Distinguish between “dictionary words” and names
1 votes

There are programs that do this. Unless you actually need to do it yourself, you shouldn't. Name entity recognition systems are well developed, and can do an amazing job. If you really need to do it ...

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Tools to identify lexicalization
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1 votes

There are psycholinguistic test that can help you with this. A lexicalized element should be more easily accessed by the speaker, and the reaction times should be lower than parsing a sentence. There ...

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Does lack of evidence count as evidentiality?
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0 votes

I would certainly count it as a sort of evidentiality since it expresess how the speaker knows what he is communicating, ie. source of evidence. In this case you claim it expresses second hand ...

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Identification of the object of a given sentence
0 votes

An alternative to the standford parser is called Freeling, it does a pretty good job but is a bit harder to use.

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What language do children think in?
0 votes

There is no single answer to your question. It depends on many things. I would say that generally speaking, yes, the child will learn English as a second L1 and start thinking in English in some ...

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