A Parmar
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grammatical role of the word "e" in Emiliano and Romagnolo languages
3 votes

I don't have any direct knowledge of the language(s), but from the excerpt you provide, "e" seems to mean "and", i.e., it is a coordinating conjunction: "e in Tuscâna" (and in Tuscany), "l’Emigliàn e ...

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Can Georgian verb stems start with a vowel?
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3 votes

There are indeed Georgian verbs that have a root starting with ა, ე, ი or უ. Here is an example for each vowel: არსებობს/იარსებებს (X exists/will exist), ელავს/იელ(ვ)ებს (there is/will be lightning), ...

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Why does the Georgian adverb მწარედ (mtsared) "bitterly" end in -ედ rather than -ად?
2 votes

-ედ (or perhaps we should just say -დ) is the normal adverbial ending for noun or adjective stems ending in ე. So you have the following forms: consonant stems წიგნ-ი > წიგნ-ად vowel stems ...

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Are there conditions under which Georgian nouns omit the "-ი" case ending?
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2 votes

Based mainly on Aronson and Kiziria's Georgian Language and Culture: A Continuing Course, the most common situations in which Georgian nouns that take -i in the nominative can end in the bare ...

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Why does it appear certain Georgian verbs take preverbs in present forms?
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1 votes

It is perhaps worth thinking separately about I. preverbs used with verbs of motion, and II. preverbs used with other verbs. I. For verbs of motion, the preverb has a strictly lexical function: it ...

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Which features of Georgian verbs can cause an initial "ა" (a) to become an "ე" (e)?
1 votes

There's a pretty good, concise summary of version vowels (referred to as "preradical vowels" in Aronson's terminology) in Lesson 13 of Aronson, Georgian: A Reading Grammar. I'm assuming you already ...

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Constraints on Kartvelian preverbs
1 votes

Hewitt, Aronson and Tschenkeli are in agreement that გადა- is simplex and that the only way that complex preverbs can be formed is by having მო as the second element. Therefore, anything that looks ...

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