Alek Storm
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When should one use slashes or square brackets when transcribing in IPA?
Accepted answer
59 votes

Square brackets ([fubar]) are generally used for what is known as narrow transcription - this includes as much detail as the transcriber feels is necessary. Slashes (/fubar/) represent the broad ...

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Was there a Semitic influence on Proto-Germanic?
Accepted answer
27 votes

This seems like a weak case. I'm sure there's a much more thorough rebuttal in the literature, but I'll give at least a few contrary remarks. The second point, that some words in the two languages ...

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Are there languages that distinguish between inclusive and exclusive "or"?
12 votes

Yes, Basque (in the batua dialect) has ala "or (exclusive)" and edo "or (inclusive)", although ala can only be used in questions. You may also be interested in the WALS maps of languages with an ...

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What are some resources that I can use to gather Twitter data for an NLP project?
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11 votes

According to Twitter's new Terms of Service (see paragraph (I)(4)(A)), you may not export any data retrieved from Twitter, whether through its public API or by scraping. So you will probably never ...

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How to determine which phoneme a group of allophones realizes?
Accepted answer
11 votes

You're absolutely right - the choice is completely arbitrary. Generally, before the publication of The Sound Pattern of English (Chomsky & Halley 1968), whichever underlying representation ...

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Do any Indo European languages reflect noun class types other than gender?
9 votes

Yes, the same answer that was provided in the previous question applies here. Several Slavic languages have an animate/inanimate distinction in addition to masculine/feminine/neuter. In some languages,...

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True languages that pirates spoke
6 votes

You may be interested in the Lingua Franca ("Frankish Language"), a pidgin used by seafarers from the 11th to 19th centuries, with influences from a number of Mediterranean languages.

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Is a diphthong one phoneme or two, or does it depend?
5 votes

A diphthong is one sound segment created by a smooth transition between two targets within the same syllable. As a phonetic definition, this makes no theoretical claims about which phoneme(s) ...

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What is the term for how close a phonetic expression is to its meaning?
3 votes

No, there is no specific term for how well an onomatopoeic word approximates the sound it refers to, because there is no way to measure how alike two sounds are. Remember that nearly every utterance ...

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Why does stop VOT duration vary depending on place of articulation?
3 votes

I would agree with your second hypothesis. Since P_1*V_1 = P_2*V_2 for an ideal gas, and an obstruction farther along the vocal tract creates a larger volume than another, there will be a ...

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How to isolate formants
1 votes

My copy of A Course in Phonetics isn't on me at the moment, but if you're open to using software, I'd recommend Praat for its automatic formant tracking feature.

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