I get that this will be a very difficult question, perhaps one with no easily accessible answer as vernacular MIA/NIA speech was not often written down and even if so, it was meant to resemble OIA in a mimicking fashion. But if there are any good sources, please do make them known to me.

  • How can how something was spoken hundreds of years ago be known? It cannot. Only written forms exist from that many years ago...
    – Lambie
    Commented Jan 24 at 17:33
  • @Lambie I should have phrased it better. I just generally meant like sources that tell me how the language was (literary form or otherwise) at that time
    – Mr Jangoon
    Commented Jan 25 at 18:08

1 Answer 1


Tulpule & Feldhaus (1999) A dictionary of Old Marathi https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/tulpule/

This source includes many usage examples. Marathi has the oldest literary record of the New Indo-Aryan languages, and started vernacularizing literary vocabulary at an early stage.

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