I am analyzing Latin word order. As in many other languages, most Latin sentences begin with the subject, but I've noticed quite a few that have many complements and adjuncts and then end with the subject immediately following the verb. If Latin still has to satisfy EPP (Extended Projection Principle), does the subject ALWAYS have to raise from the Spec (Specifier) of VP (Verb Phrase) to the Spec of TP (Tense Phrase)? Or is there some way of overriding that so it can stay next to the verb like I've observed? I know complements and adjuncts undergo scrambling, but so far I haven't read anything that says the subject does too.
Examples from Pompeiian inscriptions
- "normal" sentence according to SOV (Subject-Object-Verb) order:
Lucilla [subj] ex corpore [adjunct] lucrum [complement] faciebat [verb]
- sentence where the subject is found right next to the verb:
Solacio matri tu Mater [subj] eras [verb]