Berber languages spoken in Northern Africa show some degree of variation in relation to the reciprocal, but not the reflexive pronoun. For example, in northern Moroccan Berber (Tarifit), they say ayawya 'each other', but in the southern Moroccan Berber (Tashlhit), they say ingratsen again meaning 'each other'. I want to know which equivalent is used in Berber spoken in Northern Algeria (Taqbaylit), if there's anyone who speaks this variety? Thank you.


All Berber languages use the reciprocal affix m(y)- (ssen/know > mssen/know each other). Some Berber languages have also developed, independently, a reciprocal pronoun.

For example, in Riffian, this reciprocal pronoun has this form: ay-a wy-a . But it is not the only reciprocal pronoun used in this language.

Some just don't have innovated and use only the reciprocal affix, as in Kabylian.

Finally, reflexive pronouns are not identical according to Berber varieties.

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    They don't have reciprocal pronoun, as I wrote. – amegnunsen Oct 8 '19 at 10:00
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    @Tsutsu T. Yes, if a transitive verb is changed into the middle voice, so it is converted into a intransitive verb (min ssnen/*min messnen or *min ssnen ayawya). – amegnunsen Oct 8 '19 at 13:32
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    thank you, your answers helped :) – Tsutsu Oct 8 '19 at 17:28
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    @Tsutsu T. Are you interested in opening a Berber language stackexchange ? area51.stackexchange.com/faq – amegnunsen Oct 8 '19 at 18:37
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    yes I did, they explain how to do a Beta version and go with the requirements of optimality and technicality of other stackexchanges.. – Tsutsu Oct 10 '19 at 8:42

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