I've just started a linguistic course at university, we've just started Morphology this week. I am very new to the subject and I am looking for some guidance about how to approach a morphology exercise. I already studied the basic vocabulary and now I am trying to figure out how to solve practically this exercise. Being new to the topic, I find it really hard to understand what I am really suppose to do.
About question a: I tried to analyse the material and examples I had, reasoning this way.
HIS (3rd person singular, genitive)
I compared the different forms and I could assume these rules. 1) When a word starts with p and ends with u, starts with k and ends with a or starts with t and ends with a, I usually add s- at the beginning and -be at the end, and I get this "his ...(word)...". Examples: palu spalube ku:ba sku:babe tapa stapabe 2)But if a word starts with g, then I need to add a s- at the beginning and also change the g into a k, adding at the end be like in the previous case. If a word start with b, then I will have s- at the beginning, followed by p (the b turned into a p), with -be at the very end. And if a word starts with d, then I have s- at the beginning, followed by t with -be at the end.
These are the "rules" I could observe from the examples given.
YOUR (2nd person singular, genitive)
In the cases of words that start with p and ends with u, starts with k ad ends with a, starts with t and ends with a, I get "your ..(word)..." form, adding a s- at the beginning and a -lu at the end of the word. With words that have g at the beginning I will have a s- a the beginning, the g turns into a k, and lu at the end. With words that have b at the beginning I will have a s- at the beginning, the b turns into a p, and lu at the end. With words that have d at the beginning I will have s- at the beginning, the d turns into t and lu at the end.
SO, I found soooooo many rules to explain how to make a genitive form of a word in these language, how can I identify one common rule? Is there a way of simplifying this?