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I read some materials online How to Read a Spectrogram, Reading Spectrograms: Consonants, Reading Spectrograms: Vowels. I still have no idea how to analyze a spectrogram. Could anyone explain with the detailed example below?

enter image description here

This is a consonant-vowel-consonant sequence. I find very little information on it.

On the most left side, there are few striations below 1000. But I don't know what it tells.

For the following vowel, I found low F1, F2 near 1000, and F2 decrease rapidly at the beginning. It might be [u]? Any more information?

For the last consonant, there is no vocal fold vibration and thus no Fundamental Frequency. So it is voiceless. And the high frequency formant indicates that it is alveolar?

There are a few more examples. If you can analyze it, it will be appreciated. enter image description here enter image description here enter image description here

  • Did anyone mention which language this is? – user6726 Nov 5 '20 at 0:52
  • See e.g. chapter 8 Acoustic Phonetics in A course in Phonetics (by Peter Ladefoged) – Alex B. Nov 5 '20 at 14:25

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