I am novice in linguistics but I have a keen interest in natural (spoken) languages. There is this concept in my mind called "extreme-opposites" or "extreme-antonyms". The concept goes like this:
Every word that describes some quality of a noun, has a by default* desirability attached to it. For example: punctual, honest, rude and sadist are qualities of a person, and their desirability is** as follows: desired, desired, not-desired and not-desired respectively.
The definition of extreme-opposite is (what I think) opposite of a quality such that desirability is kept unchanged. For example: obese is a quality. Now opposite of obese can be anything which is
not-obese, therefore healthy and skinny are both opposite of obese. Take the quality of healthy first, notice the desirability here, obese quality is (generally) not-desired whereas being healthy is desired. The qualities namely obese and healthy are opposite to each other but desirability of each of them is different, hence they are not extreme-opposites rather just-opposites. Now take the word skinny, it is opposite of obese and it is not-desired. Both obese and skinny are opposite to each other, and both has same desirability i.e. not-desired. Hence they are extreme-opposites to each other. Other examples include:
- Just opposite: Patriotic (desired) or Nationalism (desired)
- Extreme opposite: Jingoism (not-desired) or Xenophobia (not-desired)
- Just opposite: Cooperative (desired)
- Extreme opposite: Submissive (not-desired)
- Just opposite: Social (desired)
- Extreme opposite: Pry (not-desired)
- Just opposite: facetious (not-desired)
- Extreme opposite: Humorous (desired)
- Just opposite: Raucous (not-desired) or Cacophonous (not-desired)
- Extreme opposite: Stentorian (desired) or Deep-voiced (desired)
It is easier to find extreme-opposites of qualities that are not-desired, than the qualities that are desired (this is what I observed). One might argue that extreme-opposites of not-desired qualities are nothing but simply their just-opposites prefixed with "too much" or "extreme of", for example: Submissive = too much cooperative, and Jingoism = extreme of nationalism.
To which I say, yes there is a relationship but shouldn't we define new collective terms (or concepts) if they can make our life easier? For example: we have singulars and plurals, and there is a relationship among them i.e. add "more than one" as a prefix to a singular and plural is no longer needed (
mice more than one mouse or many mouse). However we still have plurals because they make our life easier, always writing "more than one", "many" or "group of" before a singular is cumbersome process. Same for extreme-opposites.
A collective term for such a concept can help in making arguments like "Listen Bob, if being X is not-desired then being Y is also not-desired", where X and Y are extreme-opposites of each other. It'll also help people to search what they are looking because then they can directly ask "what is extreme-opposite of X?" instead of explaining the entire concept of extreme-opposites like here and here
So I want to ask if there already exists a collective term for what I am proposing (in any language)? and if there isn't any shouldn't there be (at least in English)?
*there must be some qualities that cannot be simply categorized as "desired" or "not-desired" (I can't think of one), but here we talk about those qualities which can be easily categorized.
**one can desire to be a sadist or a rude person but I take desirability in a very general sense. One can also say desirability is dependent on context, like in the above example, one can say pure honesty is not-desired in a spy. Hence whenever I talk about desirability, it is in very general sense and without any special hypothetical context.