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I am a native speaker of Spanish. I also learned English.

I am now trying to learn Latin. Obviously, the Spanish --> Latin route is a lot more preferable than the English --> Latin route given that Spanish has a much more general language structure than English. For example, because Spanish has a distinction between the Preterite and the Past Imperfect whereas English does not, this is a distinction with which I will have no trouble in Latin. Also, Spanish is a rather close descendent of Latin, so they must have much in common.

My questions:

  • Firstly, what kind of structural differences in Latin are completely foreign to Spanish?
  • Secondly, are there any good books from which to learn Latin (using Spanish) that take advantage of the language structure already present in Spanish?
  • Things will also vary especially in vocabulary, I'd imagine, by which variety of Latin you go for (time period, vulgar, ecclasiastical, etc). – user0721090601 Nov 15 '14 at 22:46
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I am answering your first question.

Obviously, Spanish shares a lot of vocabulary with its ancestor, Latin. On the other hand the morphology of Latin is much more elaborate than that of Spanish (6 cases, 3 genders, active and passive voice, lots of tenses…). In this sense it is more like German than Spanish. I once met a man who worked as a teacher in a Spanish-German bilingual school in Argentina and he told me that they had developed a very successful method of using German to teach Latin grammar and Spanish to teach Latin vocabulary.

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