Usage of the abbreviations "e.g." and "i.e." is very common in English, but not so much in other language. In Dutch they are used sometimes, but they are recent imports due to a lot of exposure to English. While I am not particularly fluent in these languages, the same seems to hold for French, German, Spanish and Italian.
I have not been able to find etymological information for these phrases beyond "they are Latin." How and why were they imported into English, and why specifically into English, and not into Continental languages?