Questions tagged [predicatives]

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0answers
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Are there any universals about how m-case can pattern for predicate NPs?

Predicate noun phrases (NPs) have different patterns of case in different languages. Even closely related languages can show significant differences (Sigurðsson 2008). For example, among the Germanic ...
2
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0answers
49 views

Why do so many grammars divide a clause into Subject and Verb instead of Subject and Predicative?

I used to start learning a few languages, admittingly my interest ,stamina and brain force didn't last for more than a couple of days each. Nethertheless, I noticed , that the different grammars ...
1
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0answers
48 views

conjunctions or enumerations inside a sentence make multiple predicates [closed]

please tell me if in the following example: The tree is characterized by long, strong roots. Does the enumeration generate two nested (recursion) sentences? 1. The tree is characterized by long ...
1
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3answers
589 views

On the Predicate Internal Subject Hypothesis and DP Predicates

One standard assumption is that the subject of a clause originates from the specifier of its predicate, following the predicate internal subject hypothesis. For example, the subject of a simple ...
1
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1answer
270 views

What's a good test to distinguish past participles from predicate adjectives?

Most past participles can act as predicate adjectives: "The island was inhabited." but there are some words that may look like both parts of speech, but can only be used in one way or the other: "...
2
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5answers
235 views

Are there any languages that mark predicative and attributive adjectives differently?

For example: distal dog ugly-ADJ.PRED 'yon dog is ugly' would be distinct from: distal dog ugly-ADJ.ATTR 'yon ugly dog' I wonder if this is attested in the world's languages, and if not, if it ...
4
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1answer
139 views

The contrast between predicative and ordinary

Predicative elements can also be adjuncts as in He wrote most of his poetry drunk: the contrast between predicative and ordinary (non-predicative) thus cuts across that between complements and ...
6
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1answer
352 views

Do predicative adjuncts modify nouns or verbs?

iii) He died young. They served the coffee blindfolded. iv) Furious, he stormed out of the room. The AdjPs in [iii-iv] function as predicative adjunct. Those in [iii] are integrated into ...
2
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1answer
376 views

Predication in X-Bar theory

Where do predicatives (predicative adjectives and nominals) over the subject or over the object fit into an X-bar-tree? For instance: Pedro pintó a María sentada. Peter painted Mary seated. (=...