Questions tagged [sentences]

A sentence is a grammatical unit that is composed of one or more clauses or of written texts delimited by upper case letters and markers such as . , ? and ! .

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Is there a term for the unit comprising a lexical item and its semantic role?

In a sentence such as "The man ate the cheese," man is a noun, with a definition in the lexicon, and is also the agent in the sentence. Is there a term for a unit that includes all of these components,...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

Negativity score for sentences

I am working on a dataset of airline customer complaints. Since it is "complaints" the general consensus is all the sentence are "negative" sentiment. So I am think of an approach to quantize the ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Subordination. Chinese vs English

Linguists claim that subordination is universal across the world languages. Subordination in English looks can be understood by looking into these examples: I know a person who has a dog I know a ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Does this sentence have two meanings?

The sentence is Some employee must leave. I was told that it is actually ambiguous and has two meanings. But I can only see one. What are the two meanings?
0
votes
2answers
43 views

How to derive that a sentence is a question from parts of speech

I have recently discovered extraction of parts of speech and I'd like to see what I can get from patterns once a sentence is POS tagged. I am aware that some sentences will be difficult to categorise ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

What sort of sentence is a request?

Wikipedia describes five broad types of sentences, classified by purpose. They are: declarations, questions, commands, instructions, and exclamations. Under this classification scheme, where would a ...
-1
votes
2answers
81 views

Do any languages allow merging of two sentences without punctuation?

I teach some students who are not native English speakers and commonly make this mistake in their writing: They often combine two complete sentences without any punctuation or break between them. ...
1
vote
3answers
81 views

Looking for tool to split german text into sentences

I want to train a german embedding and need to split text into sentences. That is not easy since "z. B." and "Dr." are not endings of a sentence. Does anybody know a tool to do that for german texts? ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

What are the best NLP sentence alignment tools?

Which tools are worthwhile for aligning sentences from pairs of paragraphs of source and target languages.
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Is either of these meanings of the word “sentence” more conventional?

The Wikipedia article on Generative Grammar states: Generative grammar is a linguistic theory that regards grammar as a system of rules that generates exactly those combinations of words that ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

In English, what rules govern the optimal order of nouns in a list?

For example, is noun word-order governed by a universal ranking of semantic fields, as with adjectives, or do other considerations in general English word choice and order (well-formedness of ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Sentence to Image [closed]

Does anyone know of a database or tool that can be used to produce or find images that help describe or reinforce the meaning of a given sentence? For example: "The car was going very fast." I am ...
-2
votes
3answers
3k views

Sentence/Utterance/Proposition

I'm very new to this field and I'm now studying semantics. I got a question on the difference between Sentence/Utterance/Proposition. Could someone clarify the following example to me? 1: I have a ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

Are there languages with discontinued subordinate clauses?

As for the languages I know I think to believe, that a subordinated clause comes in a chunk and not scattered throughout the main clause. For instance: I LIKE TO SING, while i slave away while I ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Why do so many grammars divide a clause into Subject and Verb instead of Subject and Predicative?

I used to start learning a few languages, admittingly my interest ,stamina and brain force didn't last for more than a couple of days each. Nethertheless, I noticed , that the different grammars ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Is there a chart showing all assignments of phrases to functions within a sentence?

For practical reasons, it is obvious to assume there is chart giving an overview which phrases can be assigned to which functions in a sentence. For instance, one sentence function is called an ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

English sentence patterns or verbs in the order of the degree of introduction

I've been wondering if there is any classification, academically established or researched, of verbs or sentence forms that introduce new referents, with the forms/verbs enumerated in the order of the ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Does it belong to the same or a separate sentence when adding some more words after the sentence was actually finished?

I have seen some scenarios where someone says a sentence like, "I'm sorry" to some of his/her co-workers and then after three or four seconds he/she says, "That you guys are idiots". For a slightly ...
5
votes
4answers
183 views

Is there a definition of “sentence” that applies to all languages?

Is there a definition of "sentence" that is applicable to all languages?
2
votes
0answers
931 views

Split a sentence using nltk and python

I am working on a task which involves information extraction, for which I require splitting a complex sentence into a bunch of simple sentences. For instance, In optics a ray is an idealized model ...
2
votes
0answers
160 views

Is it possible to write complex sentence without subordinate (or dependent) clause? [closed]

My first language is NOT english. Currently I am preparing for IELTS exam at the moment. Today I saw a youtube video about IELTS writing task. In this video, the teacher gave an example of complex ...
4
votes
2answers
783 views

How to identify context independent (self-consistent) sentences?

There are questions that are self consistent in the sense that they can be understood without a context. In other words, the sentence itself provide a clear information. An example of such a sentence ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Incomplete sentences

I am looking for studies which looks at understanding and preference of incomplete sentences. For example, is there a higher workload for (in)complete sentences or even though the sentence might be ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

Said tags in Sentence detection

I am trying to apply NLP to fiction but I don't know how split dialog into sentences. Specifically how to split said tags. ex. "Awake? How long have been asleep?" asked teenagers at the same time. ...
1
vote
0answers
233 views

Average number of independent clauses in a compound sentence

I'm working on a NLP project, where we analyze large text samples (think a novel), and produce some metrics that help us answer interesting questions about the text. One of these metrics is average ...
0
votes
1answer
188 views

Relation of Persian “Ke” and English “That” [closed]

First I should say I am not a linguist, but try to understand it to help my English. In my native language, Persian, we do much use "Ke" (که) which almost corresponds to "which, who, that" in ...
4
votes
0answers
199 views

Why were written sentences longer in the past?

These ELU answers affirm, but do not explain, the decrease in written sentence length. So why? To allow for comparison with modern dialects, I restrict this question to: writing in European ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Do subject-object-verb language users perceive the world differently than SVO or VSO users?

So based on linguistic relativity, I'm wondering if there are any ways that people perceive the world differently based on sentence order, or rather, if this has even been studied at all?
-1
votes
2answers
622 views

Regular expression that captures sentences [closed]

This RE : ((?:\w+ )?|((?:(j|J)e )|(tu )|(il ))?)(?:ne )?(?:veu(x|t)\b|voul(ais|ait)\b|voudr(ais|ait)|voul(ez))-?(?:vous)?(?: pas)? qu(e |') Captures these French sentences : On voulait que nous ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Is there a term for this use of an indirect object?

I have noticed that some Americans from the mid-South will use indirect objects in their speech where standard English would use a prepositional phrase. Is there a name for this phenomenon? Is it ...
0
votes
1answer
206 views

Identifying phrasal verbs

I'm helping some native English speakers to learn Swedish. I have a large list of sentences which I wish to organise by linking each sentence to its associated set of meanings. For example: Jag: ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Complex sentence without a subordinating conjunction?

Here's the sentence that's been confusing me: Compared to dogs, cats showed more enthusiasm. I feel this should be a complex sentence because there's one independent clause and one dependent ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What metrics can be used to rate the complexity of an english sentence?

I want to rate a sentence by its complexity in the sense of: Rating of 1: A very simple sentence which is just S+V+O, example: "I eat bananas." Rating of 10: An uterly complex sentence with lots of ...
-2
votes
1answer
96 views

What are the names of the study of words and of the study of sentences in English?

What is the name of the study of words in English? How do you call the study of sentences in English? Does English grammar or linguistics concerns about the study of units larger than sentences? ...
0
votes
1answer
333 views

determine if noun is person or person's name

How can I determine if a noun is the name of a person based on other words in the sentence? For example, I was able to determine that a noun is a place by it following ' to ' or ' from '. Are there ...
2
votes
2answers
817 views

Cohesion within a sentence?

I know the definition of cohesion (which was described deeply in Halliday and Hasan's famous book, "Cohesion in English", or shortly summarized in wiki). If I understand correctly, the aim of ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

How to analyze this sentence in a tree diagram?

I tried to draw a tree diagram of this sentence In 1816 they were purchased by the British government and from then on displayed in the British Museum. but it leads nowhere. I think I'm fine ...
5
votes
1answer
310 views

Ranking sentences

I have a list of 15000 sentences for a new language I wish to learn. I also have the English translation of each of these sentences. Additionally, I have a 30 million word corpus for the new language. ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Associating Sentences with Animations

Let's say you're teaching someone the sentence "I got in the car". This is a tricky sentence for beginners since they might ask: eh, what did you get in the car? Such sentences are easier to teach ...
15
votes
4answers
1k views

Do all languages have sentences?

This is a pretty basic question I guess, but anyway. Do all (human) languages have sentences? Most linguistic articles I read assume so, but can we take this as an assumption?
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Tools to annotate (categorise) sentences from a sentence corpus

I have a corpus consisting of sentences that are to be categorised in order to train a text categorisation algorithm. I am looking for a (preferably web-based) tool that: Allows me to input a list ...