Questions tagged [constituents]

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What is the constituency structure of the sentence? [closed]

Jeff left the watch with the old lady. I am confused about what the constituency units are in this sentence. John [left the watch] [with the old lady]? John left [the watch with the old lady]? ...
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153 views

What is the difference in a constituent and a phrase?

From Wikipedia: In syntactic analysis, a constituent is a word or a group of words that functions as a single unit within a hierarchical structure. A phrase is a sequence of one or more ...
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2answers
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SV Constituent Structure (Syntax)

so here's the set-up: In a sentence like "Bill went to the store," several accepted constituency tests can produce "Bill went" as a constituent. These tests include the question test (What happened? ...
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1answer
46 views

Is this noun phrase a constituent of the given sentence?

For the sentence, 'I saw the new play by Smith last week' is the noun phrase consisting only of a proper noun 'Smith' a constituent of the sentence? Instinctively I think that it is not a constituent,...
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1answer
76 views

Constituent borders

Let us imagine there to exist, for instance, a DP. We always observe the only head D on the left or the right of the phrase (depending upon the direction of branching). But every constituent naturally ...
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Bracket notation for discontinuous trees

Formally representing constituency based structures, using brackets to denote constituents, is straight-forward - until discontinuities are thrown in the mix. Consider this example, adapted from this ...
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1answer
358 views

In 'Kim is tall', is 'is tall' a VP?

Do we say that in Kim is tall., the is tall is a constituent? Well, the standard answer is clearly Yes (see below). My questions are: What is the linguistic evidence for the assertion that is ...
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1answer
247 views

What is “always” constituent of?

In the following sentence: People's opinions are not always the result of their experiences. What is "always" constituent of? I tried movement: Not always, people's opinions are the result of ...
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1answer
110 views

CGEL's argument on the constituent structure of certain sentences that involve 'as well as'

In CGEL on pp. 1316-1317, we find a discussion of two different uses of as well as: [70] i b. [Abstraction] [as well as impressionism] were Russian inventions.      &...
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3answers
592 views

Drawing a phrasal constituent tree for a specific sentence

I'm trying to do some language analysis on the opening paragraph of The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini, specifically looking at phrasal constituents. The first sentence is as follows: "I became what ...
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2answers
548 views

How to determine an immediate constituent of a sentence [closed]

I am studying Spanish and Portuguese at university, and I am having some trouble with part of a Spanish linguistics assignment. I would be very grateful if somebody could shed some light on how to ...
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230 views

Identifying core arguments, constituents? [closed]

In the sentence, 'It was raining' what are the core arguments? I think [It] is a core argument and [was raining] is another. This would mean that it is a NP and was raining is a VP. But if this is ...
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2answers
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Is the determination of the constituents within a sentence without exception nonambiguous?

Is there always one unique way to partition a sentence into its constituents or, like in the following picture, is it possible to analyze a sentence into parts several different ways? The three rows ...
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3answers
233 views

Is there a paradigmatic formalism for dependency grammars?

When looking on the web, wikipedia for example, at the concept of constituent, it is associated with the concept of phrase structure, and rather quickly with context-free languages (as the ...
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5answers
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What empirical evidence can be produced that all syntactic structure is binary branching?

A tenet of the Minimalist Program is that all syntactic structure is binary branching. Merge always merges two constituents to a greater constituent until the greatest constituent, the sentence, is ...