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Questions tagged [spoken-language]

A modality of language, contrasted with written language, whistled language or sign language.

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4
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1answer
171 views

Estimating the number of words in a language before invention of alphabet

Here is my question from the title: Given a (natural) language with its writing system based on an alphabet, are there any theories giving (quantitative) estimates on the number of words the ...
0
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1answer
29 views

resonance factors

The wiki entry for resonance lists 7 factors that contribute to it: chest larynx nasal cavity oral cavity pharynx sinuses trachea Given one’s base pitch production, I thought that the oral cavity is ...
6
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1answer
104 views

Is audio understanding in bad conditions (e.g. at a noisy market) different between languages?

I consider myself almost fluent in English, but have trouble understanding when the words are blended together. This includes for example noisy places, song lyrics, or accents. In Czech, I have no ...
4
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2answers
152 views

Rejecting writing down a language for various reasons

I remembered reading somewhere about a language that its speakers believe the written words are sacred (or some other reasons) they chose to refrain from putting spoken words into written forms even ...
2
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0answers
26 views

How to convert CHAT to TextGrid in a batch?

Siarad corpus is a corpus of spoken Welsh (~40 hours, all transcribed, glossed and translated!). I want to analyze some conversations using Praat. Praat uses the TextGrid format, but the Siarad corpus ...
3
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0answers
56 views

Words per minute - language list?

I have an idea on how fast a Dutch speaker speaks: 130 wpm = medium 160 wpm = fast 100 wpm = slow I'd like to have that same knowledge about other languages. Is there a list somewhere that ...
1
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2answers
220 views

Libs or APIs for removing background noise from voice input?

The effect of background noise on speech recognition is not good. Are there libs or APIs for removing background noise from voice input? Ideally language-agnostic or tuned for the top 100+ languages,...
8
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1answer
104 views

Does (or should) the terms “spoken language” and “speech” include signed language?

And if not, is there a term, accepted by both the Deaf and linguistic communities, that includes both spoken and signed language, in contrast to written language? Reputable linguistic sources, ...
2
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1answer
154 views

Do any languages not have the concept of “words”?

I'm wondering if there are any languages that are basically just streams of basic sound blocks, like letters or syllables, and they don't have words.
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0answers
150 views

What's the difference between articulatory features and articulatory gestures?

I'm confused about those two terms, but based on my understanding articulatory gestures are represented by the vocal tract variables and articulatory features include all units are involved in ...
3
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0answers
92 views

Are there any languages that have words for open and closing quotation marks in speech?

It seems to me that most languages have some way of bounding quotations in written form. European languages have their apostrophe quotes and angle-brackets, while eastern Asian languages have those ...
-1
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1answer
54 views

In spoken English, is there a clear preference for using contractions?

In spoken English, is there a clear preference for using contractions? Does it depend on the locale? I am mostly interested in Midwestern and Northeastern USA, but I would also care to know how it is ...
2
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0answers
454 views

Why is spoken Chinese so fast paced?

I'm fan of watching subbed Chinese movies and series and with them sometimes happens something that very rarely happens with movies or series from other languages that's the fact that I haven't been ...
1
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2answers
68 views

Acoustic signal to phones?

I am currently trying to understand speech perception, and are at the moment a bit stuck.. I seem to understand how the ear process incoming sound, but i don't understand the concept of phones. Why ...
9
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4answers
6k views

Why do Korean and Japanese sound similar to each other to native speakers of English?

I don't understand why, but Korean and Japanese sound very similar to me, and also to other native speakers of English. I think I once read a comment saying something like "If it sounds like Japanese ...
1
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1answer
198 views

Speech Pathologists and the International Phonetic Alphabet

Do speech therapists and speech pathologists have to learn the International Phonetic Alphabet as part of their profession? They might want to learn it, but my question really is: are they required to ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Langue vs parole in Phonetics and Phonology

How could one frame the differences between phonetics and phonology in Saussurian terms? I know langage/langue/parole were not developed to these ends, but this explanation can help me get a handle ...
3
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3answers
71 views

Stringed music as a constructed language

I'm working on a concept for a constructed language for a story I'm writing. The people/culture that it's for have no vocal cords and communicate with a combination of body language, tapping/...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Would Saussure consider sign language as “parole”?

I wonder if sign language would be "parole" according to Saussurian linguistics. After all, parole can be denied as the "concrete" use of the language, the actual utterances. It is an external ...
6
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3answers
231 views

Speech rate measured in bit/sec

Are there references giving the speech rate measured in bit/sec? I easily found references on speech rate giving measurement in phones/sec, syllables/sec or words/sec. Are there references giving the ...
1
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0answers
18 views

How to (automatically ) detect the steady-part of vowels?

Please I need your help ASAP, I need to segment an audio corpus of 4 hours , and I need a tool or script to detect the steady part of vowels and place the boundaries .
1
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1answer
279 views

Praat Script: How to Reverse Selected Sound File?

I want to reverse a sound file using Praat. I tried to figure out the way to do it and found that there's a shortcut Ctrl+R in the Edit menu. but I want to do the same thing using the script. ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Sign languages of non-mute people

Does anyone study the sign language of people that can actually speak/pronounce/utter words? What would you call such study and what would you call such subject? I mean, if a person can use both ...
8
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4answers
373 views

Has English caused any Languages to undergo Sound Change or Grammar Change?

French historically has caused the presence of several unique sounds in English that would not have been present otherwise. For example the "dʒ" sound in "garage". Similarly, I believe I've read ...
1
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2answers
216 views

Spoken Language Dataset of L2 Acquisition

Is there a publicly available dataset of spoken language for L2 acquisition? I would prefer children learning an L2, but any age range is fine. It would be great, but not necessary, to have speaking ...
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0answers
66 views

Incomplete sentences

I am looking for studies which looks at understanding and preference of incomplete sentences. For example, is there a higher workload for (in)complete sentences or even though the sentence might be ...
3
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2answers
628 views

Open source probabilistic dialogue state tracker

Do you know of any simple (form filling) dialogue state tracking systems with a graphical model based dialogue state representation? I'm looking for one to get familiar with the overall model and ...
1
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2answers
115 views

How to assess the language register of speech?

I am looking for ways to automatically assess the language register of a person's speech: formal, informal, ... or through some grading mechanism that would associate a 'score' depending on the person'...
4
votes
3answers
249 views

Anguish Languish to English Language metric

Anguish Languish is a silly linguistics exercise to replace all words in a sentence with phonemically similar counterparts with no regards for semantics or meaning. The intent is that the original ...
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2answers
300 views

Is the idea of “simultaneity” in sign language as opposed to “linearity” in spoken language really tenable?

I have seen scholars claim that... "sign languages are simultaneous whereas spoken languages are linear". In my opinion, however, the notion of "linearity" vs. "simultaneity" is misleading at best....
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2answers
604 views

How does the term “naturalistic speech” differ from “natural language”

Seems some linguists use "naturalistic" -- but I'm not clear on what it means in this context or if it's different from "natural".
2
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1answer
60 views

has there been any research conducted on formality and language learning?

I wanted to know if there has been any research regarding F-score or CF-score (Li, Haiying, "Comparing Two Measures for Formality." 2013.) affecting learning and/or language learning?
8
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1answer
8k views

Why do some people speak/whisper the words they are reading?

Not sure if this is the right stack exchange site but here goes.. Couple of people at my workplace seem to whisper or quietly speak the material they read. They do this routinely, and they speak more ...
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0answers
85 views

native speaker error rates

I am a native speaker of English, but I make (and notice others make) English mistakes all of the time; I change negative to positive and vice versa, I switch "he" and "she", I make spoonerisms, I ...
3
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4answers
379 views

Why does google translate produce awkward sentences

Anyone who has ever used Google translate knows that the translated version is mostly grammatically correct but often extremely awkward to use in a conversation. This is one of the factor which has ...
1
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2answers
5k views

Which sign language should I learn first? [closed]

I want to start learning sign language. The Wikipedia lists several sign languages depending on real spoken languages, and they all have their origins and families and classifications just like spoken ...
1
vote
1answer
534 views

What are common non-lexical indicators of sarcasm expressed orally in English

I've been doing some anecdotal research into what indicates sarcasm in spoken form. My goal is to find indicators of sarcasm without relying on the meaning of the words and sentences themselves. ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

Is there a public sound bank of the IPA?

I'm looking for a comprehensive audio database of the IPA, spoken by the same individual. I realize the this restriction may not include the full set of the IPA and I'm willing to settle on the ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Writing influences speech and viceversa?

For example, language changes over time, but in languages that exist without writing, it changes naturally just influenced by itself. So when writing was introduced, did that start to influence speech ...
4
votes
1answer
270 views

English an Oral, German a Written Culture?

From my perception (native German, lived in UK) German culture is more focused on the written word and values precision and perfection when expressing yourself. English culture on the contrary ...
3
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0answers
466 views

Common name for speech errors like Phoneme Deletion and Phoneme Substitution

I would like to know the common name for speech errors like phoneme deletion and phoneme substitution, just like there is word called "prosodic error" for stress error and intonation error. I have ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

Do generative linguists use spoken-word corpora?

Do generative linguists use spoken-word corpora for data? Offhand, I don't see why at least some of them wouldn't. I'm not suggesting that the use of spoken-word corpora vs. documented native ...
3
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0answers
75 views

To what extent is aural language comprehension based on a post-processing model, and what are the factors involved?

It occurred to me that what we hear and interpret as speech is often an inarticulate garble of phonemes that native speakers process with lightning speed (usually) to come up with a clear and specific ...
6
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1answer
144 views

How is filler conveyed in a gloss?

Fillers are used in many languages when the speaker signals that he or she is thinking but has not yet finished talking. Things in English like umm, er, uh etc. Is there something that can be put in ...