Questions tagged [spoken-language]

A modality of language, contrasted with written language, whistled language or sign language.

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4 votes
0 answers
99 views

French language : is it possible to use a possessive adjective earlier than the name it refers to? [closed]

I have posted the same question on the French language Stackexchange, and I have been referred to post it here too. A phrase said by Mireille left me dumbfounded: Bénédicte et ses filles ont ...
2 votes
0 answers
33 views

Speed listening

I have just heard that there are people out there (mostly blind people) using screen readers at overspeed, achieving speech rates twice as high as usual, and even higher. What I want to know is: Are ...
0 votes
1 answer
35 views

Can anyone help me to resolve an issue relating to F0 and audio data?

I made a textgrid of the sentence "I quite like cheese a lot." and created three tiers and marked the sentence, word (cheese) and the nucleus of cheese to examine the f0. Then I used a ...
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3 votes
2 answers
180 views

How did the j get the dʒ sound?

The j getting the dʒ is very weird, how did the letter j get the dʒ sound? Why not a /j/ sound as in "yes"?
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2 votes
0 answers
108 views

Are there languages without fillers like "um" or "uh"?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FsMWbVrjucg&t=34s According to this video (0:55) almost every language has those speech disfluencies. But ALMOST. Do languages exist that have no such sounds for ...
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12 votes
8 answers
4k views

Do any languages use words like particles to represent commas, periods, hyphens, quotes, parentheses, etc.?

Wondering if any languages use words, particles, or other speakable markers to represent punctuation like periods, commas, hyphens, quotes, parentheses, question marks, exclamation marks, or ...
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2 votes
0 answers
43 views

Duplex perception experiment - Can I try it on my own?

I was reading about speech perception over headphones, “duplex perception” (Lieberman et al., 1981) — who note that when a speech stimulus was split into two parts and presented to different ears over ...
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2 votes
1 answer
143 views

What is the linguistic term for sounds such as 'um', 'uh', 'like', etc. when used to control the rhythm of speech?

Sounds such as 'um' and 'uh' are common in speech when the speaker needs to prolong a sentence or otherwise control the rhythm of the sentence. I also hear these sounds used to convey indifference or ...
0 votes
1 answer
83 views

Are there any constraints on how dead languages could have been spoken?

Considering written languages that we know, restricting ourselves to alphabetical languages if helpful: Can we make any general statements or assert any constraints on how a language could have ever ...
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1 answer
54 views

Evidence for segmental phonology in the acoustic speech signal

What evidence for segmental phonology could be found in the acoustic speech signal? I think the parameters of acoustic speech signals include f0, amplitude, duration, wave form, etc., which are ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
52 views

Does a voice activated conversation with an AI constitute as natural speech?

Since AI bots fulfil all the requirements of speech, but don't fulfil the criteria of 'natural speech' production since it wasn't done impromptu and wasn't developed naturally, do you guys think that ...
0 votes
1 answer
144 views

How do you tell a spelling mistake from a grammar mistake?

How do you tell a spelling mistake from a grammar mistake? For example: Your the best. This iz the end. I likes music. She preatend to be asleep. One method is to read the erroneous sentence aloud (...
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-1 votes
2 answers
121 views

Which language has the most distinct written and spoken forms?

I know about Persian as an example. For example, we have "خانه" (transliterated as Khaneh, which means home) for the written form. But we say "خونه" (Khooneh) for the spoken form ...
0 votes
1 answer
55 views

Term for Regional "Words per Minute"

Is there a term for the variation in how many words per minute is spoken on average by people in various regions of the country/world? A focus group mentioned they wished our Tech Support personnel ...
6 votes
0 answers
93 views

Is there a word for "mouth transitions" which describes the movement of a mouth which is saying one word, but preparing for the next?

I think I can produce every individual phoneme in standard-ish spoken Mandarin. However, if I want to speak fluently I have to watch videos of people speaking and closely watch their mouths, because ...
-1 votes
1 answer
58 views

Innovations in speech rhythm and tone

I enjoy language columns, such as Johnson in The Economist, which discuss the evolution of language. But I notice that such columns tend to focus only on certain dimensions of language: new words, ...
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0 votes
1 answer
58 views

How are the Ogham stones inscribed?

I earlier asked How to convert Old Irish Latin script to Ogham? and am not quite complete with the answer. I have a similar question still trying to dig into how to build an Ogham generator. But ...
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3 votes
1 answer
368 views

What is the difference between an accent and mispronunciation?

I listened this morning to a radio discussion about accents (French radio France Inter, Doit-on avoir honte de notre accent ?). It was about accents from various regions in France (and abroad) and how ...
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3 votes
0 answers
69 views

Hesitation markers like "uh, ehm" versus repetition

When listening to my 5-year-old son telling me a little story about dinosaurs, he used a lot of repetition in the following way: "The triceratops… the triceratops used his horns… the triceratops ...
1 vote
1 answer
96 views

Slang, colloquial use, informal speech, etc [closed]

Background The question is motivated by this post in the Russian forum, where the answers repeatedly refer to verb пересечёмся as "young people's slang" or "teenage slang". (пересечёмся = "we'll cross ...
3 votes
1 answer
987 views

How to make a bilabial approximant sound?

In the IPA chart, there are some white areas with no text. These are where a sound can exist, but it has not been found in any known language. (The gray areas are where humans are incapable of making ...
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7 votes
1 answer
258 views

Term for conversation where each person speaks a different language, while understanding each other

I would like to know if there is a technical (or common) term for the type of bilingual (or multilingual) conversation described in the title. For example, one person could be speaking French, while ...
4 votes
1 answer
232 views

Estimating the number of words in a language before invention of alphabet

Here is my question from the title: Given a (natural) language with its writing system based on an alphabet, are there any theories giving (quantitative) estimates on the number of words the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
142 views

resonance factors

The wiki entry for resonance lists 7 factors that contribute to it: chest larynx nasal cavity oral cavity pharynx sinuses trachea Given one’s base pitch production, I thought that the oral cavity is ...
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6 votes
1 answer
121 views

Is audio understanding in bad conditions (e.g. at a noisy market) different between languages?

I consider myself almost fluent in English, but have trouble understanding when the words are blended together. This includes for example noisy places, song lyrics, or accents. In Czech, I have no ...
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4 votes
2 answers
201 views

Rejecting writing down a language for various reasons

I remembered reading somewhere about a language that its speakers believe the written words are sacred (or some other reasons) they chose to refrain from putting spoken words into written forms even ...
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2 votes
1 answer
41 views

One-to-one speech conversation dataset (Recorded over microphone)

I need a publically available one-to-one speech conversation dataset recorded over the microphone, e.g., interview scenario or enquiry or call centre call answering.
1 vote
0 answers
78 views

How to convert CHAT to TextGrid in a batch?

Siarad corpus is a corpus of spoken Welsh (~40 hours, all transcribed, glossed and translated!). I want to analyze some conversations using Praat. Praat uses the TextGrid format, but the Siarad corpus ...
3 votes
0 answers
193 views

Words per minute - language list?

I have an idea on how fast a Dutch speaker speaks: 130 wpm = medium 160 wpm = fast 100 wpm = slow I'd like to have that same knowledge about other languages. Is there a list somewhere that ...
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1 vote
2 answers
912 views

Libs or APIs for removing background noise from voice input?

The effect of background noise on speech recognition is not good. Are there libs or APIs for removing background noise from voice input? Ideally language-agnostic or tuned for the top 100+ languages,...
9 votes
1 answer
200 views

Does (or should) the terms "spoken language" and "speech" include signed language?

And if not, is there a term, accepted by both the Deaf and linguistic communities, that includes both spoken and signed language, in contrast to written language? Reputable linguistic sources, ...
2 votes
1 answer
535 views

Do any languages not have the concept of "words"?

I'm wondering if there are any languages that are basically just streams of basic sound blocks, like letters or syllables, and they don't have words.
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2 votes
0 answers
170 views

What's the difference between articulatory features and articulatory gestures?

I'm confused about those two terms, but based on my understanding articulatory gestures are represented by the vocal tract variables and articulatory features include all units are involved in ...
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3 votes
0 answers
110 views

Are there any languages that have words for open and closing quotation marks in speech?

It seems to me that most languages have some way of bounding quotations in written form. European languages have their apostrophe quotes and angle-brackets, while eastern Asian languages have those ...
-1 votes
1 answer
61 views

In spoken English, is there a clear preference for using contractions?

In spoken English, is there a clear preference for using contractions? Does it depend on the locale? I am mostly interested in Midwestern and Northeastern USA, but I would also care to know how it is ...
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2 votes
0 answers
2k views

Why is spoken Chinese so fast paced?

I'm fan of watching subbed Chinese movies and series and with them sometimes happens something that very rarely happens with movies or series from other languages that's the fact that I haven't been ...
1 vote
2 answers
89 views

Acoustic signal to phones?

I am currently trying to understand speech perception, and are at the moment a bit stuck.. I seem to understand how the ear process incoming sound, but i don't understand the concept of phones. Why ...
10 votes
5 answers
14k views

Why do Korean and Japanese sound similar to each other to native speakers of English?

I don't understand why, but Korean and Japanese sound very similar to me, and also to other native speakers of English. I think I once read a comment saying something like "If it sounds like Japanese ...
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1 vote
1 answer
337 views

Speech Pathologists and the International Phonetic Alphabet

Do speech therapists and speech pathologists have to learn the International Phonetic Alphabet as part of their profession? They might want to learn it, but my question really is: are they required to ...
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Langue vs parole in Phonetics and Phonology

How could one frame the differences between phonetics and phonology in Saussurian terms? I know langage/langue/parole were not developed to these ends, but this explanation can help me get a handle ...
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3 votes
3 answers
89 views

Stringed music as a constructed language

I'm working on a concept for a constructed language for a story I'm writing. The people/culture that it's for have no vocal cords and communicate with a combination of body language, tapping/...
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3 votes
1 answer
218 views

Would Saussure consider sign language as "parole"?

I wonder if sign language would be "parole" according to Saussurian linguistics. After all, parole can be denied as the "concrete" use of the language, the actual utterances. It is an external ...
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6 votes
3 answers
363 views

Speech rate measured in bit/sec

Are there references giving the speech rate measured in bit/sec? I easily found references on speech rate giving measurement in phones/sec, syllables/sec or words/sec. Are there references giving the ...
1 vote
0 answers
22 views

How to (automatically ) detect the steady-part of vowels?

Please I need your help ASAP, I need to segment an audio corpus of 4 hours , and I need a tool or script to detect the steady part of vowels and place the boundaries .
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1 vote
1 answer
481 views

Praat Script: How to Reverse Selected Sound File?

I want to reverse a sound file using Praat. I tried to figure out the way to do it and found that there's a shortcut Ctrl+R in the Edit menu. but I want to do the same thing using the script. ...
3 votes
1 answer
106 views

Sign languages of non-mute people

Does anyone study the sign language of people that can actually speak/pronounce/utter words? What would you call such study and what would you call such subject? I mean, if a person can use both ...
8 votes
4 answers
503 views

Has English caused any Languages to undergo Sound Change or Grammar Change?

French historically has caused the presence of several unique sounds in English that would not have been present otherwise. For example the "dʒ" sound in "garage". Similarly, I believe I've read ...
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1 vote
2 answers
273 views

Spoken Language Dataset of L2 Acquisition

Is there a publicly available dataset of spoken language for L2 acquisition? I would prefer children learning an L2, but any age range is fine. It would be great, but not necessary, to have speaking ...
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0 votes
0 answers
111 views

Incomplete sentences

I am looking for studies which looks at understanding and preference of incomplete sentences. For example, is there a higher workload for (in)complete sentences or even though the sentence might be ...
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2 votes
2 answers
648 views

Open source probabilistic dialogue state tracker

Do you know of any simple (form filling) dialogue state tracking systems with a graphical model based dialogue state representation? I'm looking for one to get familiar with the overall model and ...