Questions tagged [psycholinguistics]

Questions that are about the neurobiological and psychological factors that affect the acquisition, comprehension and utilisation of the language in human beings.

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Is there research on which diphthongs are perceived by English speakers as single sounds?

In English, diphthongs are single phonemes, and monolingual English speakers hear them as a single vowel. However, this does not mean that English speakers will hear all diphthongs in other languages ...
Someone211's user avatar
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1 answer
729 views

Is there a Grammar blindness?

John Dalton was born in 1766, in 1794 he described for first time color blindness. No one has noticed this deficiency before. My grandfather died without knowing he was color blind. My first reaction ...
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Which brain disorders cause better second language learning?

I heard that people with some types of synesthesia may have advantages for learning second languages. I don't know whether it’s true or not. Which kind of brain disorders cause better second-language ...
user41902's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
72 views

How good are humans at anaphora?

I have been considering what differences or similarities in any properties at all could be found between: a language where whatever the supposed “deep structure” of a language truly is (like, the ...
Julius H.'s user avatar
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What is meant by "present thinking" in Goldstein's work on aphasia?

I am writing a paper on aphasia and have come across some work by Kurt Goldstein. Apparently, Goldstein claims that people with aphasia speak without thinking first, and that their speech is not ...
vera's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is it possible (in terms of linguistic relativity) that maybe some cognitive processing happens later & that's why there's no relativity effect?

Title is very vague so I'll explain what I mean. Let's say an experiment was carried out involving grammatically gendered artefacts and whether or not participants will attach gendered stereotypes to ...
Emily Laycock's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
46 views

Does knowing separately phonetic features X,Y,... imply that a speaker will know a phoneme characterized solely and completely by X,Y,...?

In The Language Instinct, Steven Pinker claims that when babies learn to talk, if they have learned in certain phonemes a set of features, then they automatically learn other phonemes characterized ...
Qwertuy's user avatar
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1 answer
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Linguistics and ChatGPT [closed]

To which (neuro-, psycho- or general) linguistic models and theories of human language recognition and production does ChatGPT (GANs) come closest? Or why isn't this a valid question?
Hans-Peter Stricker's user avatar
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Multiple-characters vocabulary acquisition by L1 Japanese/Chinese

I am looking for any evidence/reference on how L1 Japanese or L1 Chinese people acquire their multiple hanzi/kanji vocabulary. Take as simple as 折り畳み/折叠 (to fold). Words like 食べる/吃 and 飲む/喝 are not ...
làntèrn's user avatar
  • 101
2 votes
4 answers
219 views

Does grammar condition our conclusions and opinions?

I have learned two languages from childhood: English and Malayalam. I find it that most of the time when I think and reflect, my thoughts are mostly expressed in English. Now, the interesting part is, ...
tryst with freedom's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
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Even in writing, do bases take longer to construe when they share roots or stems?

Question 1 I ask about merely reading and writing here. Do human readers take longer to distinguish between stems (and bases) that share the same root, even if merely picoseconds? For example, do ...
User's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can language reveal how we think? [closed]

I have just started lightly reading about consciousness and, in trying to think about what it is, I couldn't help but notice how simply thinking about the pronoun "I" could shed quite a bit ...
Then-Brief-864's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
447 views

Why is feeling and hearing are the same in Italian?

Sentire means hearing, and at the same time feeling, in Italian and it's used passively in both senses. Mi sento male - I feel bad Ho sentito il tuo nome - I heard your name Why among all senses ...
Bastam Tajik's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Name of cognitive bias/effect causing you not to see your own spelling mistakes (because you know what you wrote)

I’m sure there’s a name for this thing where I can’t see my own spelling mistakes because when I’m reading what I’ve written, I know what it’s supposed to say. So, I’m blind to having typed “exmaple” ...
Daniel's user avatar
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1 answer
571 views

Are there different "kinds" of meaningless sentences?

There is famous sentences by Chomsky ("Colorless green ideas sleep furiously") to show that syntactically sentences can by devoid of meaning, or at least have a very odd or dubious meaning. ...
Christian's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
192 views

What psychological effects does the language one speaks have on them? [closed]

Are there any known psychological effects that have been observed on people who speak one language as opposed to another. For example, in Latin languages there are genders, in English there are none; ...
Arcanus's user avatar
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1 answer
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What are the differences of word stress, lexical stress and metrical stress?

It is said lexical stress is word stress, but I don't understand why they named it differently.
user33927's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between neurolinguistics and similar fields of study?

What is the difference between neurolinguistics and cognitive linguistics or psycholinguistics? I am already having trouble understanding the difference between cognitive linguistics and ...
George Ntoulos's user avatar
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0 answers
57 views

What is the psychological basis for the argument/adjunct distinction?

I have spent a lot of time thinking about the distinction between arguments and adjuncts. Failing to find a satisfying explanation in formal syntax, I am opening my mind to psycholinguistics. The ...
Benjamin Grange's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
281 views

How to differentiate between consonants and vowels on praat? [closed]

I am student of MA and i need your help to know about the praat software. i am stuck in my research in last section. If any one hear to know so i thoroughly and rigorously sorry to say and please help ...
Imran khan's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
113 views

Do older adults perceive words in different ways than young adults?

Do you agree that older adults perceive words differently from young adults, and learn more innuendos and double meanings? I read a science article that stated that adults continue to learn words and ...
bandybabboon's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Why are the organization of mental lexicon and lexical access interdependent?

I read in Carroll ("Psychology of Language") that how the mental/internal lexicon is organized and how we access lexical information are interdependent issues. However, he does not really ...
Lisa L's user avatar
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What are some more examples of doubly centre embedded clauses?

Hey guys I am a uni student doing psycholinguistics and currently studying doubly centre embedded clauses for a study on comprehension. For example a phrase such as: "The man the boy the cat ...
sadiyah123's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
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Term for Regional "Words per Minute"

Is there a term for the variation in how many words per minute is spoken on average by people in various regions of the country/world? A focus group mentioned they wished our Tech Support personnel ...
Bookaholic's user avatar
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0 answers
80 views

What are the differences between Frames and Image Schemata?

I know there are several schema based theories in cognitive sciences, including psychology and linguistics. I am also aware that they mostly share a lot in common, as, for instance, Rumelhart (1981) ...
Ágatha's user avatar
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1 answer
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Phonological parallel of a Lexical Decision Task

Lexical Decision Tasks have been used in psycholinguistics for long. It basically asks the participant if the word shown is meaningful (e.g. GIRL) or not (e.g. GISL) (ref: link). But does a test like ...
WiccanKarnak's user avatar
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-4 votes
2 answers
152 views

Why is research on grammatical gender important?

I was wondering why is research on grammatical gender important? Why is exploring this area of linguistics of any interest to linguists? What can it tell us about language (especially with regards to ...
JavaApprentice's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
41 views

What is the phenomenon that each word variation is regarded equally, not a variation of the root?

This is a thing that I remember that I read in a cognitive psychology book, but I can't find it out. For example, the word cats has two morphemes: cat + s. So we usually regard cats as a morphological ...
Ooker's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
111 views

What is shallow semantic processing?

What exactly is "shallow semantic processing", and how is it related to syntactic analysis? Is it correct to say that syntactic processing of a text is the preliminary step for shallow semantic ...
HDB's user avatar
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Does the lexical path get slower with more entries

The lexical path of the dual-route hypothesis of reading states that people recognize whole words from memory. Does this theory assume the search time becomes greater with more words in the lexicon?? ...
Borut Flis's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
220 views

Why is there pressure to change seemingly neutral words that some consider 'offensive' to their more 'neutral' synonyms?

Clearly, there is now pressure to stop using words such as whitelist/blacklist (which are now considered racist) and instead replace them with allowlist/denylist; master/slave terminology in tech is ...
gaazkam's user avatar
  • 197
0 votes
1 answer
168 views

Term for conversational actions meant to influence emotional state

Is there a term for the set of conversational actions/tools that instead of exchanging direct information, seek to instead affect a certain emotional state? Examples of such actions would include ...
Reizo's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
235 views

Linguistic overview/critique of the Tomatis method

Some advertisements for language training material (like this and this) have a dubious claim that each language has its own frequency range of sounds, or a "pass band", so that listening to ...
Nardog's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
411 views

A distance on words

I am not an expert in linguistics at all; more of a physicist instead. So I don't know if there are any defined distances on words D(W1, W2) that really represents how the human memory works; for ...
K. Sadri's user avatar
  • 161
5 votes
1 answer
203 views

Do humans differ from other animals by being able to push and pop memory?

The Chomsky hierarchy of types 0,1,2,3 grammars correspond, as he showed, to the abstract automata classified in accordance with their use of memory. The type 2 grammars, the context free phrase ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
263 views

How did Proto-Indo-Europeans view the world? [closed]

I was watching a video about Proto-Indo-European culture by Xidnaf at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ErXa5PyHj4I. It said that Proto-Indo-Europeans probably had most or all of these philosophical ...
Number File's user avatar
  • 1,551
1 vote
1 answer
88 views

Are there any studies on complete or partial language loss due to brain injuries?

Several years ago, I read about certain cases of complete or partial language loss in patients (mostly soldiers) who had previously suffered certain brain damage. The research included several cases, ...
Mon's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
71 views

Could certain languages encourage different models of sentence processing?

I'm gonna be frank: I'm a high school student who has limited experience with linguistics. I've never studied it, I've just read a textbook and a handful of seminal studies. Recently, though, I was ...
Lysander Cox's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
82 views

Carrying a mistake in a sentence until contradiction

I am new to the field of linguistics so please forgive any ignorance or naivety, but there is something I have been thinking about recently and cannot find anything about it online. I suppose there ...
Jamie Friel's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
5k views

What do the terms "External" and "Internal" language refer to?

I would like to know about External and Internal language. Suppose I was talking about a person who was not either good or great. I was praising him in my speech as he was my superior though I felt ...
Jvlnarasimharao's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
79 views

Sociolinguistics/Psycholinguistics: Does imitation play any role in child language acquisition?

Sociolinguistics and Psycholinguistics: Does imitation play any role in child language acquisition?
Kira Leck's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
635 views

Word meaning as function of the composition of its phonemes

tl;dr Linguists like to claim that the mapping from sounds to word meanings is mostly arbitrary. Can you point out research that supports this claim? Specificllay I am looking for hard evidience in ...
lo tolmencre's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
177 views

Accidentally speak Japanese on reflex

There is one time I woke up late and accidentally speak in Japanese "yabai" which means "oh no" or "this is bad", when I came around after finishing getting ready I then realized I've just spoken in ...
Lydia's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
136 views

What factors determine the numeral coming to numbers such as -1, 0, 0.5, 100% in a language which has and only has contrast in singular and plural?

I have searched by corpus and found variant results for the same number above. People also hesitate with these numbers and make different sortation. Is there any research about any psycolinguistical ...
wodemingzi's user avatar
  • 1,057
0 votes
1 answer
4k views

What's the difference between 'concept' and 'meaning'?

Like in the title, are concepts expressed only by some parts of the speech: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs ? In sentence: The cat ate food - all words are concepts or only the noun ? All those ...
Adrian's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
623 views

How can we use the same word in multiple different ways and distinguish the senses so easily?

Say for example some plant names. We have an orange which we easily know is a fruit, but is also a color. We have green which is a color, and greens which is plants, or money, or I could imagine it ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 4,338
0 votes
1 answer
116 views

Can we use the reverse of mental priming to get out of the 'Mary's Room' problem? [closed]

So there is this semantics/psycholinguistics concept called mental-priming, which says for a concept called 'red' nearby concepts like apple, color, danger etc. 'light up' . Can we teach Mary, what ...
WiccanKarnak's user avatar
  • 1,251
13 votes
1 answer
334 views

Selective fluency - is it a thing?

I speak 4 languages, and I have the least exposure to my native language, since I have never lived in the region where it's spoken. My only exposure to it is speaking to my parents, and some TV. I ...
insanity's user avatar
  • 233
3 votes
3 answers
564 views

Precise timing measurement in Praat / .wav files

When analyzing .wav files in Praat, total time duration and target speech segments are represented down to 6 decimals. For example: 154.900000 seconds (borrowed from a Google image screenshot). ...
Rebecca J. Moore's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
269 views

Why is [la] widely used as a substitution for singing? Is it a worldwide phenomenon?

When people sing without knowing or using the text, they often sing as lalalala...
wodemingzi's user avatar
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