Questions tagged [compounds]

A word consisting of more than one root.

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0answers
186 views

Collocations vs compound nouns

Is there any definable difference between collocations and compound nouns? Or is it just frequency? The answer does not seem to be transparency vs idiomaticity - looking at the text I'm presenting to ...
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1answer
66 views

Are bound forms in compounds more resistant to sound changes?

In English, words like cleanliness or breakfast have preserved an older vowel than those in the free forms clean and break. In Japanese, compound noun accent tends to match between dialects, even ...
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2answers
69 views

Compounds: Comparing Hyphenated With Other Forms?

Compounds can vary by: spanning multiple words without using a hyphen spanning multiple words and using a hyphen being only comprised of 1 word Some compounds seem common in all forms. E.g.: pick ...
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2answers
248 views

Rules to constructing a proper compound noun in Ancient Greek

I am currently in the process of translating a text from one language into another, and the original uses a compound noun that can either be translated into English as "fly-eating" (losing the ...
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263 views

Complete List of English Compound Words?

I am looking for a complete list of English compound words (or a frequency list of English compound words). Ideally, I'd prefer a list that lists the compound word and also its constituent words (...
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2answers
62 views

Should compounded words through agglutination be treated as unigrams or n-grams? [closed]

In a statistical language model, should one tokenize compounded words through agglutination as words by themselves (unigrams) or should they be tokenized into n-grams? Example: Staatspolizei (ISO ...
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1answer
224 views

Replacement of the letters in Japanese while compounding words

I've spent some time solving Fakepapershelfmaker NACLO problem, and later at solution I've read that some japanese letters do not require replacement while compounding. In Japanese you should ...
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2answers
82 views

Term for nouns strung together by conjunctions

In the sentence: Men, women and children are people. What is the term for the combination of nouns and conjunctions found in the subject position? "Compound noun" doesn't quite seem to fit the ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Having trouble with assigning stress degrees to a long compound

I need to give the stress degrees for each component in "compressed air powered fence post driver". If I want to argue that "compressed air powered fence post driver" is a compound, what are the ...
2
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2answers
131 views

Name of rule for whether compounds should be written with a space or not

What is the name of the rule that describes why some words are written together (e.g. "strawberry") and others apart (e.g. "street name")?
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2answers
427 views

πίστις & ἐλπίζω related linguistically?

This is stemming from a question on BH-SE. Are faith (πίστις) and hope (ἐλπίς) related linguistically? Is it at all possible that ἐλπίς is actually el/eli + πίστις or something + faith? If not, is ...
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2answers
186 views

Is there an objective definition of compound words?

I've always had difficulty in distinguishing phrases from compound words. To me, spelling a compound word without spaces between the constituents seem to be mostly arbitrary. For example the spelling ...
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2answers
2k views

Is it possible for a language to have both left-headed and right-headed compounds?

Is it possible for a language to have both left-headed and right-headed compounds? And can one please explain this with examples and with the use of linguistic reasoning based on morphology?
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142 views

The complement of postmodifying prepositional phrases compounded by “and”

How does one parse "the need for and development of education"? "Education" naturally acts as the complement of both the prepositions "for" and "of", and the prepositions surely postmodify the nouns ...
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1answer
122 views

Singular versus plural in certain locutions: Is there a name for this?

I wouldn't touch that idea with a ten-foot pole. He's a tool maker. In Germany, Catholics and Lutherans pay a church tax. The zebra stripes indicate a pedestrian crossing. He is a resident of an ...
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1answer
148 views

On an anthropological feature of German etymology (e.g. Pusteblumen)

A curious and nice property of German is that some nouns don't have, say, intrinsic names, but composed (German!) names according to the human use or perception. For instance: Pusteblume (...
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1answer
219 views

Tools to identify lexicalization

Is there any tests or morphological test which can help to identify whether an expression is lexicalised or not? For example, whether some compounds are processed through morphological processes or ...
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0answers
41 views

How much do languages vary when it comes to the prevalence of compound words in their lexicons?

Apparently, languages differ when it comes to the prevalence of compound words in their lexicons. For example, the fact that compound words are more prevalent in Chinese than in French was mentioned ...
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2answers
533 views

Are there agglutinative languages without a propensity for long compound nouns?

I've noticed a propensity for agglutinating languages to also permit quite long compound nouns. Finnish, Turkish and Hungarian certainly have them and I've been finding a few now that I'm trying to ...
3
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1answer
2k views

How common are the different semantic types of compounds?

According to the Wikipedia article, Compound (linguistic), compound words that occur in natural languages can be semantically grouped into four categories. Witness this quote from the article: “...
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3answers
3k views

English co-compounds? Is bittersweet a co-compound?

I'm looking for English or other standard European language co-compounds, and for other common examples. I came across "bittersweet" but I'm not sure if it's really a co-compound. It has a ...
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2answers
684 views

What determines how noun compounds are formed in a language?

In English and other Germanic languages, noun compounds are formed simply by “appending” the nouns in a certain order. For example, phrases like this are very common: electricity price comparison ...